A Review on Increased Incidences, Intensity and Scope of Disasters: Manifestation of Unsustainable Development Practices
Disasters have long been regarded as natural calamities over which mankind has little power or influence. However, disasters’ frequency, complexity, scale, and destructive capability have all increased over time, meaning that other factors are at work. When a threat communicates with fragile environments, a catastrophe occurs. Vulnerability refers to a lack of willingness to minimise the likelihood of disasters occurring or to return to normalcy after a disaster. Communities’ vulnerabilities are growing as a result of a variety of development activities at the individual, local, global, and international levels. Prolonged civil strife/wars, emerging diseases, food insecurity, climate change, and pollution are among the disaster threats that have risen over time. To a large degree, they demonstrate planning activities that are incompatible with the tenets of sustainable development espoused in the Brandtland Commission resolutions, dubbed “our shared future.” This article examines a few examples of planning activities that have resulted in disasters, dispelling the misconception that all disasters are caused solely by natural disasters. The article suggests a number of steps that should be taken to ensure that construction activities are not to blame for the increased frequency, severity, and scale of disasters.
Author (s) Details
Beatrice M. O. Barasa
Department of Emergency Management Studies, Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology (MMUST), Kenya.
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