Agroforestry Practices among Farmers in Igabi Local Government Area of Kaduna State, Nigeria

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Agroforestry Practices among Farmers in Igabi Local Government Area of Kaduna State, Nigeria

March 29, 2021 Agricultural Sciences 0

Farmers in the Igabi Local Government Area of Kaduna State, Nigeria, were interviewed about their agroforestry activities. A standardised questionnaire was used to collect data from 100 randomly selected farmers. The farmers’ socioeconomic characteristics, degree of understanding and adoption of agroforestry practises, types of agroforestry practises adopted, factors influencing farmers’ willingness to adopt agroforestry practises, common tree species retained on the field, and constraints faced by farmers in adopting agroforestry-based farming were all covered in the questionnaire. The frequency, percentage, mean, and probit model were used to analyse the data. The research discovered that males (78.00%) dominated farming activities in the study field, that the majority (96.00%) of the farmers are between the ages of 21 and 60, that the majority (87.00%) of the farmers are skilled, and that the majority (76.00%) of them have more than 5 years of farming experience. Farmers in the study region were aware of and practising various forms of agroforestry systems, including tree retention on the farm (33.00 percent), tree planting along with the retained trees (28.00 percent), taungya farming system (28.00 percent), and alley farming (28.00 percent) (20.00 percent ). The study found that agroforestry methods are widely used (79.00 percent) in the study areas. The most widely used agroforestry method in the study region was tree retention on farmland (31.0%), while shifting cultivation was the least widely used (5.00%). The probit model analysis revealed that farm size (1.1122), farming experience (0.0231), and access to credit (0.1103) were the variables that significantly influenced farmers’ willingness to adopt agroforestry practises in the study region at the 10.00 percent probability level. The study also found that Parkia biglobosa and Vitellaria paradoxa were the two tree species most commonly retained on farmland by all respondents (100%), while Eucalyptus camadulensis was the least commonly grown or retained tree species on farmland in the study region (12.00%). However, constraints such as the high capital intensive nature of agroforestry practises (87.00 percent), weak extension service (80.00 percent), insufficient capital (77.00 percent), poor technical know-how of agroforestry practises (45.00 percent), land tenure system (36.00 percent), and lack of access to credit hindered the degree of adoption of agroforestry practises in the study region (13.00 percent ). Improved agroforestry extension services should be provided to farmers in the study region, according to the study; workshops, seminars, and symposia should be organised for adequate training of farmers to understand agroforestry techniques; and farmers should be encouraged to form cooperative societies so that they can have access to resources.

Author (s) Details

O. N. Oladele
Federal College of Forestry Mechanization, P.M.B. 2273, Afaka-Kaduna, Kaduna State, Nigeria.

O. Olukotun
Federal College of Forestry Mechanization, P.M.B. 2273, Afaka-Kaduna, Kaduna State, Nigeria.

U. U. Emeghara
Federal College of Forestry Mechanization, P.M.B. 2273, Afaka-Kaduna, Kaduna State, Nigeria.

J. T. Ayodele
Federal College of Forestry Mechanization, P.M.B. 2273, Afaka-Kaduna, Kaduna State, Nigeria.

B. F. Ishola
Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Jericho Hill, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.

M. M. Olorukooba
Federal College of Forestry Mechanization, P.M.B. 2273, Afaka-Kaduna, Kaduna State, Nigeria.

R. Suleiman
Federal College of Forestry Mechanization, P.M.B. 2273, Afaka-Kaduna, Kaduna State, Nigeria.

T. A. Awobona
Federal College of Forestry Mechanization, P.M.B. 2273, Afaka-Kaduna, Kaduna State, Nigeria.

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