Antibacterial Activity of Spent Substrate of Mushroom

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Antibacterial Activity of Spent Substrate of Mushroom

March 13, 2021 Agricultural Sciences 0

Antibiotic resistance has become an issue as a result of unregulated use, which has prompted the hunt for new medication options for the treatment of bacterial diseases. The antimicrobial activity of spent mushroom substrate Pleurotus ostreatus combined or not with medicinal plants and Lentinula edodes against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Bacillus subtilis, Salmonella tiphymorium, Staphylococcus aureus, and Micrococcus luteus is contrasted in this report. We produced three mixtures: barley straw as a substrate for growing Pleurotus ostreatus mushrooms and oats or cedar for growing Lentinula edodes mushrooms, as well as five other combinations. mixtures with herbs (barley straw/Chenopodium ambrosioides L., barley straw/Mentha piperita L., barley straw/Rosmarinus officinalis L., barley straw/Litsea glaucescens Kunth, and barley straw/Tagetes lucid Cav) to be used as a base for the production of the mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus; aqueous extracts from both A fully randomised assay with a factorial arrangement configuration was used in the protocol. SAS PROC GLM was used to analyse the results. The results showed that the greatest inhibition zone in the case of Escherichia coli was 12.66 mm at a concentration of 6 mg mL-1, with treatment of Lentinula edodes/cedar; Salmonella tiphymorium showed a greatest inhibition zone of 31.10 mm at a concentration of 5.12 mg mL-1, with treatment of Pleurotus ostreatus/barley straw; and Staphylococcus aureus Micrococcus luteus displayed a greatest inhibition zone of 15.00 mm at a concentration of 50 mg mL-1, with the treatment Lentinula edodes/cedar; and finally, Staphylococcus epidermidis showed a greatest inhibition zone of 33.33 mm at a concentration of 50 mg mL-1, and 40.00 mm at a concentration of 50 mg mL-1, with the treatment Lentinula edo Pleurotus ostreatus containing barley straw and Pleurotus ostreatus containing a combination of barley straw and Mentha piperita L, respectively. In conclusion, the findings indicate that antibacterial extracts can be obtained from the spent substrate of Pleurotus ostreatus and Lentinula edodes, as well as a mixture of barley straw and Mentha piperita L.

Author (s) Details

Dr. J. Ocampo-López
Área Académica de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Instituto de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo, México.

S. Soto-Simental
Área Académica de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Instituto de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo, México.

S. Soto-Simental
Área Académica de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Instituto de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo, México.

A. Zepeda-Bastida
Área Académica de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Instituto de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo, México.

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