Investigating the Impacts of Ambient Air Quality of an Industrial Region on a Member of Asteraceae and Its Potentials as a Phytomonitor
Tarapur, a densely populated and heavily industrialized city, provides ideal settings for studying the impacts of urban stress on plants. Because plants’ foliar surfaces are major pollution receptors, choosing appropriate plant species for urban environments is critical. During the 2011 dry season, Tithonia diversifolia, a member of the Asteraceae family, was exposed to five distinct sites. For thirty days, the transplants were exposed. The dry weight of the phytomass, the length of the shoots, the total chlorophyll content, and the amount of dust that fell on the ground were all measured. The results were compared to a control region that was relatively clean. When compared to the control, all of the parameters showed a decrease. All of the parameters showed significant seasonal fluctuation. More valid parameters for determining air quality and recognizing Tithonia diversifolia as an important indicator species are shoot length and chlorophyll content. Humans, animals, and plants all suffer from poor urban air quality. As a result, air quality monitoring is required in order to implement abatement measures and comprehend the impact of air pollutants on living beings.
Author (s) Details
Dr. Joshi Nitesh
Rizvi College of Arts, Science and Commerce, India.
Dr. Bist Bharati
Jai Hind College, India.