Philanthropy, Civil Society and Terrorism
This book investigates the government’s role in regulating non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in the context of their links to terrorism. To discourage terrorists from abusing NGOs, traditional counterterrorism techniques favour law enforcement methods such as tight supervision, surveillance, and even repression. As this study shows, terrorists’ abuse of NGOs is not inherently systemic, and NGOs and the state have clear synergies, with the former complementing many state functions – delivery of public goods such as human protection, human rights, and development – much more effectively than the latter.
As a result, a rigid regulatory approach to NGOs’ operations can be counterproductive. Sporadic cases of terrorists abusing or misusing NGOs in general and charities in particular do not warrant a massive law enforcement response that would suffocate the spirit of philanthropy and self-help in society.
As the NGO sector makes a major contribution to people’s health, participates in conflict prevention and management programmes, and helps to alleviate the effects of wars, pandemics, environmental or natural disasters, it becomes a competent stakeholder and a partner to the state in its own right. As a result, enlisting the help of the non-profit sector would complement the government’s efforts to efficiently deliver various public goods. As a result, NGO governance policies, procedures, and regulations should be designed in such a way that the NGO sector will continue to work alongside the state in growth, supplementing the delivery of critical public goods while avoiding being used as fronts for terrorists.
Women Education and Environment (WEE), HIG-50, Lumbini Vihar, Chandrasekharpur, Bhubaneswar-751021, Odisha, India.
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