Recent Observations on Climate Resilient Water Management Practices for in situ Moisture Conservation

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Recent Observations on Climate Resilient Water Management Practices for in situ Moisture Conservation

March 6, 2021 Science and Technology 0

Climate change has a direct and indirect effect on Indian agriculture, as well as the lives and livelihoods of millions of Indians. Agriculture and related operations such as livestock and fisheries make up a significant portion of India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP), accounting for nearly 25% of the country’s GDP. Efficient natural resource management is critical for increasing the system’s adaptive ability and contributing to community resilience. In often drought and flood-affected areas, successful crop production is dependent on how well we maintain deficit rainfall and manage excess rainfall and soils to sustain moisture for longer periods for successful arable crop production. Farmers must respond rapidly to rising risks of climatic instability, such as droughts, floods, and other extreme climatic events, in the sense of climate change and variability. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of various in-situ water conservation measures in relation to the climatic variability that prevailed in the village. Farmers participate in demonstrations of suitable practises and technologies recommended by the National Agricultural Research System (NARS) so that communities become familiar with these technologies and assist in their implementation, thus improving their adaptive capacity and coping ability against climatic change and variability. It was discovered that using forest leaves and paddy straw to preserve soil moisture in situ was very profitable, with BCR Rs. 7.16, followed by using naturally occurring leaves in fruit plants with BCR Rs. 6.22, and using plastics in vegetables with BCR 4.41. Natural mulch, according to respondents, is very cost-effective, as well as compatible with the current farming method and very easy to apply. Wheat produced a maximum yield of 46q/ha when grown with ZTD. In the cultivation of pulses and oilseeds, zero tillage technology has shown to be very promising.

Author (s) Details

Kiran Kumari
Department of Extension Education, Birsa Agricultural University, Ranchi-6, India.

Anjani Kumar
Department of Extension Education, Birsa Agricultural University, Ranchi-6, India.

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