Severity and Frequency of Anemia in Different Age Group in 6 Months to 5 years Children: A Prospective Study at a Teaching Hospital in Rural Haryana, India
Anemia is a worldwide health problem that affects children, especially those under the age of five, and causes morbidity and mortality. Iron deficiency anaemia is the most common form of nutritional deficiency anaemia in India. The aim of this research was to find out how common anaemia is in children under the age of five, as well as how severe it is in each age group.
Methods: From January to December 2015, all children with clinical anaemia and haemoglobin levels less than 11 gm/dl were included in this prospective review.Data on age, sex, eating habits, socioeconomic status, and haemoglobin level were analysed using a full blood count and a peripheral smear test.
The total number of children was 109, with females outnumbering males. Children aged 6 to 24 months had the highest rate of anaemia (60.55 percent), followed by children aged 37 to 60 months. Anemia was observed in a high percentage of vegetarian children, as well as children from low socioeconomic backgrounds who had not been breastfed for the first 4-6 months. In terms of anaemia severity, the majority of people (47.705 percent) had moderate anaemia, followed by mild (35.77 percent) and extreme anaemia (16.50 percent ).
Conclusion: According to our findings, the most vulnerable age group for children with anaemia was 6 months to 24 months, especially for those who came from a low socioeconomic background, ate a vegetarian diet, and were not breastfed for the first 4-6 months of life. The bulk of the kids had a moderate case of anaemia. To prevent the short and long-term consequences of anaemia, these young children should be screened as soon as possible.
Author (s) Details
MM College of Dental Sciences and Research, Mullana, Haryana,133203, India.
Department of Pediatrics, Maharishi Markandeshwar Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Mullana, Haryana, 133203, India.
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