A Case Report on Vascular Malformation of Kidney
The kidneys are a pair of retroperitoneal organs that are positioned between the L1 and L3 locations. The superior portion of the kidney is positioned within the lower thoracic cage at the level of the tenth rib. The right kidney is lower than the left kidney due to the presence of the liver. The adult kidney is roughly 150 grammes in weight. The left kidney is narrow and long, while the right kidney is broad and short. The right renal artery is longer than the left renal artery, whereas the right renal vein is shorter. Renal arteries are end arteries, whereas veins can freely anastomose. The left renal vein receives blood from the left gonadal vein and the left suprarenal vein (adrenal vein). The inferior vena cava receives blood from the right suprarenal vein and the gonadal vein. Behind the renal artery, both ureters drain from the kidneys. The renal vein, renal artery, and ureter are all visible from the front to the back.
We discovered a pair of kidneys with renal vein and renal artery in this case report. The left renal vein is longer than the right renal vein, while the right renal vein is longer than the left renal vein. The inferior vena cava’s posterior side is visible. The left renal vein receives blood from the left gonadal vein and the left suprarenal vein (adrenal vein). The inferior vena cava receives blood from the right suprarenal vein and the gonadal vein. Both ureters drain behind the renal artery from the lower end. From the front to the back, we have the renal artery, renal vein, and ureter. In this case, we have ureter duplication on the left side. Behind the major renal artery on the right side, there are three accessory renal arteries, one to the inferior pole and two to the hilum. There are two renal arteries on the left side, one leading to the hilum behind the major renal artery and the other to the inferior pole of the kidney. The ureter drains behind the renal vein on the right side. On the left side, the duplex ureter drains behind the renal vein. Because the venacava is turned down, displaying its posterior aspect, and no venous tributaries flow from it, the left suprarenal vein is twisted here, and the gland is also seen further down.
Author (S) Details
Department of Anatomy, All India Institute of medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India.
Department of Anatomy, MLB Medical College, Jhansi, UP, India.
Department of Anatomy, Uttar Pradesh University of Medical Sciences, Saifai, Etawah, India.
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