A Complete Set of 22 Elementary Particles for an Expanded Standard Model
The Standard Model of particle physics encapsulates our best understanding of how the known elementary particles and three of the forces (electromagnetic, weak and strong) relate to each other and describe the structure and action of matter. However, since it fails to describe a variety of phenomena, the Standard Model is incomplete. The Standard Model depends on a set of elementary particles that are often considered to be incomplete. A full collection of elementary particles is provided in this paper to serve as the basis for an extended Standard Model. This model consists of 22 particles at 3 energy levels. This involves all particles of matter, particles of force and several particles of gravity/mass that do not interact with known forces other than gravity. It also offers a way of measuring the masses of particles. A model like that sheds some light on where we might look to find more particles. I a heavier Higgs-like particle at 6.13 times the Higgs mass, (ii) heavy dark matter particles at around 0.55 and 3.8 GeV, and (iii) medium dark matter particles at about 11 and 357 MeV are among the model’s predictions. Using only the electron mass and without any knowledge of the gravitational constant, the model also produces a photon wavelength very similar to the Planck length derived.
Daniel E. Friedmann
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