A Cross-sectional Study of Congenital Anomalies in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North East Region, India

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A Cross-sectional Study of Congenital Anomalies in a Tertiary Care Hospital in North East Region, India

September 12, 2021 Medicine and Medical Science 0

Congenital anomalies are structural and functional abnormalities, including metabolic disorders, that are visible at birth and are a major cause of illness and mortality in infants. Poor embryogenesis or intrinsic anomalies in the development process produce these birth disorders, which are linked to a number of risk factors.

Methods: From May 2016 to October 2017, we conducted research at the Regional Institute of Medical Sciences in Imphal for a year and a half. The purpose of the study was to find out how common congenital abnormalities are, as well as the proportions of different types of congenital deformities. Age of the mother, religion, parity, gestational age, sex of the baby, outcome, and birth weight were all looked into.

Out of 13658 births, there were 91 congenital abnormalities in total. In 0.66 percent of the population, congenital abnormalities were discovered. The most common congenital deformity was cleft lip (17.6%), followed by CTEV (13.2%), and it was more common in male term babies. The most prevalent were in the maternal age range of 18-24 years (34.1%), followed by 30-34 years (26.4%), and women with parity P0-P2.

Congenital abnormalities are frequently the cause of stillbirths and infant death. A level II targeted scan should be conducted at 18-20 weeks to detect anomalies and reduce the prevalence. In the community, there should be extensive information regarding common congenital anomalies, their outcomes, and treatment choices.

Author (S) Details

Kangjam Radhesana Devi
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal, Manipur, India.

K. Praneshwari Devi
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal, Manipur, India.

Jyoti Priya
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal, Manipur, India.

Ahanthembi Sanaton
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal, Manipur, India.

Leimapokpam Roshan Singh
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal, Manipur, India.

Lalhlimpuii Murray
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal, Manipur, India.

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