A Descriptive Study of Hepatitis B Surface Antigenemia (HBsAg) among Pregnant Women in Southern Nigeria

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A Descriptive Study of Hepatitis B Surface Antigenemia (HBsAg) among Pregnant Women in Southern Nigeria

June 2, 2021 Medicine and Medical 0

Background information: Infection with the hepatitis B virus (HBV) is one of the most common public health problems in the world. Every year, nearly one million people die as a result of HBV-related chronic liver disease. In endemic areas, maternal to foetal transmission from chronic carriers can approach 90%, accounting for up to 40% of all chronic carriers on the planet.

Methods: This was a descriptive study that enlisted the help of 836 women who visited a prenatal clinic at a health institution in Cross-River State, Nigeria. An ELISA test was used to screen for HBsAg.

The results showed that 55 (6.6%) of the 836 women tested positive for HBsAg. Sero-positive participants had a mean age of 26.95.0 (range 18-38 years) and a parity of 2.21.2 (0 to 5) correspondingly. Women who were farmers (29.1%) and those with no or no formal education were more likely to be affected (67.2 percent ). Conclusion: Pregnant women have a 6.6 percent sero-prevalence rate. Women’s education, economic empowerment, and public awareness programs should be developed, with a focus on modifying dangerous social habits. Efforts to make prenatal screening, immunization, and child vaccination more accessible should be maintained.

Author (s) Details

Utoo Bernard Terkimbi
Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, College of Health Sciences, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria.

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