A Diagnosis on Gender Specific Difference of Belonephobia and Pain Associated with Fingerpricking in Haematology Laboratory
Introduction: Needle phobia, often known as belonephobia in clinical terms, is a kind of blood-injury-injection phobia (BII phobia). In comparison to men, women have a higher sensitivity to experimentally generated pain, clinical pain, and pain-related anxiety. Gonadal hormone levels have a significant impact on pain perception and analgesic response in women of reproductive age. So, the goal of this study was to see if there was any difference in pain and symptoms experienced by males and females after being pricked with hypodermic needles.
Materials and Methods: This longitudinal study was carried out in the physiology department’s haematology laboratory. A total of 216 people between the ages of 18 and 23 were chosen for the study (120 females and 96 men). On the first and tenth exposures with a hypodermic needle, the participants were asked to complete out a questionnaire based on pain and phobia related with fingerpricking. The pain was assessed using a numerical pain rating scale (NPRS).
Females were more afraid of pain from a fingerprick than males (68.3 percent vs. 49 percent, respectively, P0.05). Females reported sweating, palpitations, and dizziness substantially more than males after their first needle exposure (P0.05). Shortness of breath was higher in males than females on the tenth exposure (5.2 percent vs 0.8 percent), but there was no significant difference in any other symptom between males and females. On the tenth exposure, there was an increase in mild pain score and a reduction in moderate and severe pain score on the NPRS (P0.001) in both groups, with a significant reduction in females (P=0.01).
Conclusion: It was found that females were more needle phobic than males, and that discomfort and symptoms following finger-prick in both groups decreased with subsequent exposures, i.e. on the tenth exposure with hypodermic needle. Female students also require greater assistance while pricking.
Author (S) Details
Department of Physiology, University College of Medical Sciences and GTB Hospital, Delhi, India.
Department of Physiology, Subharti Medical College, Meerut, India.
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