Advanced Study on the Amazon Basin in the Context of Shared Management of Transboundary Water Resources

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Advanced Study on the Amazon Basin in the Context of Shared Management of Transboundary Water Resources

February 1, 2021 Environment and Earth Science 0

At the end of the 20th century and in the early 2000s, environmental concerns and the need for sustainable use of water resources again changed the approach to transboundary water resources. “Water has become one of the main issues on the political agenda, both nationally and internationally.” The present research, using the Amazon River Basin as a case study, discusses the problem of mutual control of transboundary water resources. Two scenarios (current and future) were simulated to determine risks using the approach suggested by the River Basins Transboundary Waters Assessment Programme. The results obtained led to the conclusion that, taking into account all measures, the Amazon Basin is in the “moderate” risk group in the current scenario. In turn, when considering only the “governance” metric, expressed by expected tensions in water policy, the risk category for the basin becomes “high” in both current and future scenarios (2030 and 2050). It is convenient for states to set their goals and to create, jointly and by consensus, clear agreements and rules for the monitoring, use and supervision of water. This process should be carried out in an integrated manner, in accordance with international agreements, which should ensure that the management practises and instruments of the countries concerned are compatible. In conclusion, it is proposed that states should lay down specific goals and guidelines for monitoring, usage and oversight of water supplies.

Author (s) Details

Olga Kelman Brocki Calhman
Environmental Water Resources Laboratory, Department of Agricultural and Environmental Engineering, Fluminense Federal University, Niteroi, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Monica de Aquino Galeano Massera da Hora
Environmental Water Resources Laboratory, Department of Agricultural and Environmental Engineering, Fluminense Federal University, Niteroi, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

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