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Therapeutic Uses of Eltrombopag and Romiplastin in Hepatitis C and Thrombocytopenia: A Review

Eltrombopag, is a thrombopoietin receptor agonist is used to increase the number of platelets sufficient to decrease the risk of bleeding in thrombocytopenia patient and also allow treatment with interferon and ribavirin in people suffering with Hepatitis C. It is not used to increase platelets to a normal level. Eltrombopag should not be used to…
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July 11, 2019 0

Beliefs and Prevalence of Female Genital Circumcision among Pregnant Women Attending Ante-natal Clinic in a Mission Hospital in Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

Introduction: Every community the world over has specific lifestyle practices that reflect the values and   beliefs held by members of such communities for generations. Female genital cutting (FGC) or circumcision is one of the age-long cultural practices in many African countries including Nigeria. Female genital cutting is harmful to women’s physical and emotional health throughout…
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July 11, 2019 0

Malaria Vector Surveillance, Prevalence, Diversity, Behavioural Patterns and Their Implications to Tourist Activities in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

Aims: Malaria poses a medical and public health challenge in Nigeria. The burden of the disease has been a major source of concern to tourists in Uyo. Knowledge on the biting behaviour and the Human Biting Rates (HBR) are needed to assess the epidemiology of the disease and in estimating the vector – human contact.         …
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July 11, 2019 0

Public’s Attitude toward Organ Donation in Egypt: A Conceptual and Social Framework

It is now well established that organ donation (OD) in Egypt gains utmost official support both from Islamic and Christian authorities. Yet, some social and behavioral obstacles may often obviate the full benefit of cadaver donors. Aim: To identify and analyze determinants influencing the public’s awareness and attitude toward organ donation (OD) in Egyptian population.…
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July 11, 2019 0

Mathematics and Examples for Avoiding Common Probability Fallacies in Medical Disciplines

This chapter presents and explores many ‘fallacies’ about probability encountered in medical fields. These include the Arithmetic Fallacies, the Inverse Fallacy, the Favorable-Event Fallacy, the Conditional-Marginal Fallacy, Simpson’s Paradox, the Conjunction Fallacy, the Appeal-to-Probability Fallacy, the Base-Rate Neglect, and the Representative-Sampling Fallacy. We allude to simple mathematical and visual representations as well as to demonstrative…
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July 11, 2019 0

Aerosolized Coal Fly Ash: Risk Factor for COPD and Respiratory Disease

Aim: Aerosolized coal fly ash (CFA) from unfiltered exhaust by coal-burning utilities is a significant contributor to ambient air pollution in India and China. Evidence is consistent with aerosolized CFA also being the main particulate-matter jet-sprayed into the troposphere for covert geoengineering purposes. Members of the public chronically exposed to aerosolized CFA are likely to…
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July 11, 2019 0

Importance of Unenhanced CT as a Screening Tool for Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis

Background: Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is being diagnosed clinically and by non- invasive imaging techniques early in its course for better prognosis and non-fatal outcomes. It hinders proper drainage of deoxygenated blood from brain resulting in drastic hemodynamic changes which can be fatal. It is more common in younger age group and women of…
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July 11, 2019 0

An Evaluation of QuantiFERON-TB Gold in-Tube and Immunological Tests for TB Diagnosis in Iraqi Patients

Introduction: Mycobacterium is a genus of Gram-positive bacilli that demonstrates the staining characteristic of acid-fastness. Its most important species, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, is the most common etiologic agent of tuberculosis. Tuberculosis causes ill-health among millions of people each year and ranks as the second leading cause of death from an infectious disease worldwide. Between 2003 and…
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July 11, 2019 0

Molecular Mechanism of Metformin in DM2- A New Hypothesis

Metformin, the antihyperglycaemic drug, though in use since 1957 eluded as to its mechanism of action till date. There is some truth but not the whole truth, in even the much-favoured mechanisms of AMP-stimulated protein kinase (AMPK) stimulation and inhibition of complex 1 of  Electron  Transport  Chain (ETC), as there are objections, unresolved, as yet.…
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July 11, 2019 0

Aerosolized Coal Fly Ash: Risk Factor for Lung Cancer

Introduction: Coal is burned by electric utilities, about 10% remains as ash. The heavy ash settles, while the light coal fly ash (CFA) condenses and accumulates in the flue gases. In India and China CFA is usually allowed to exit smokestacks, but in Western nations it is trapped and sequestered for public health reasons. Epidemiological…
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July 11, 2019 0