Category: Medicine and Medical

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Long-Term Complications and Risks of Surgery for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

Background: The long-term findings of the first ‘modern’ double rod instrumentation, the Cotrel-Debousset (CD) instrumentation, were recently published in a paper. Due to late infections or chronic back pain that developed after surgery, the results revealed an unexpectedly high rate of reoperation of nearly 50%. More research into the long-term complications of spinal fusion surgery…
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May 13, 2021 0

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus as Manifestation of Common Variable Immunodeficiency Disorder

CVID (common variable immunodeficiency disorder) is a primary immunodeficiency disorder (PID) with a wide range of clinical symptoms. It has been related to a variety of autoimmune disorders, including autoimmune cytopenias and rheumatologic conditions like systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Patients with SLE and CVID co-existing are uncommon in the literature, accounting for less than 1%…
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May 13, 2021 0

Cerebral Toxoplasmosis in an HIV Patient with Fatal Outcome

Background: A third of the world’s population has latent toxoplasmosis, but 80 percent of cases are asymptomatic. Toxoplasma encephalitis is the most common opportunistic infection in HIV patients, and it is the leading cause of fatal focal brain lesions. Despite increased CD4 counts and lower plasma HIV viral load, clinical deterioration occurs in these patients;…
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May 13, 2021 0

Impact of Specific Exercises on Curvature and Deformity in a Sample of Patients with Idiopathic Scoliosis

There are many scoliosis exercises available around the world, many of which provide little value to the patient. Unspecific and specific exercises are distinguished. Many of the signs and symptoms of scoliosis may be significantly improved with specific physiotherapy. However, this has only been confirmed with the Schroth approach and, to a lesser extent, the…
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May 13, 2021 0

A Critical Appraisal on Soft Brace Treatment in Patients with Scoliosis

Introduction: The SpineCor brand of soft/dynamic braces is now used all over the world. The soft brace is promoted as the first and only “dynamic” brace thanks to a clever marketing strategy. A brief review of the past of dynamic braces and devices currently available has been conducted. Short Communication: Schanz reported the use of…
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May 13, 2021 0

Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis – Pilot Study on the Application of Extra-corporal Shockwave Therapy (ECSWT)

Scoliosis is a lateral deviation of the spine that has no known cause. Overgrowth of the vertebral column due to a lordo-scoliotic maladaptation of the spine to the subclinical (functional) tether of a relatively short spinal cord can cause the onset and progression of AIS.With the exception of spinal manipulation described by Tomaschewski and neurosurgical…
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May 13, 2021 0

How to Reduce Radiation Exposure in the Follow-up of Patients with Scoliosis

During their development, scoliosis patients are subjected to several x-ray investigations. While the need for x-rays during routine check-ups when clinical measurements are taken can be minimised (ATR, Surface Topography), the sensitivity of children and adolescents with scoliosis cannot be prevented because indications and check-ups also depend on the measurement of the Cobb angle on…
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May 13, 2021 0

Remodeling of Trunk and Backshape Deformities in Patients with Scoliosis Using Standardized Asymmetric CAD / CAM Braces

There are articles in the literature on scoliosis that note changes in spinal curvatures when wearing a brace, but these are more based on x-ray findings rather than clinical outcomes. As a result, it’s important to (1) review the literature showing improvements after brace treatment and (2) demonstrate what can be done conservatively with bracing…
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May 13, 2021 0

Application of Ionic Liquids to Enzyme Stabilizers for the Heat Stress Tolerance of Enzymes

The addition of water-miscible aprotic ionic liquids containing 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium cation and other kinds of anions to the aqueous solution of hen egg white lysozyme (HEWL) significantly improved the heat stress resistance of HEWL. -cyclodextrin, Triton-X, and pectin had no effect on the thermal stability of HEWL, although inorganic salts and glycerol inhibited the development of…
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May 13, 2021 0