Category: MEDICINE & HEALTH

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News Update on Vitamin D Research: Aug – 2019

Evaluation, Treatment, and Prevention of Vitamin D Deficiency: an Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline Objective: the target was to supply tips to clinicians for the analysis, treatment, and interference of calciferol deficiency with a stress on the care of patients UN agency ar in danger for deficiency. Participants: The Task Force was composed of a…
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August 13, 2019 0

Single Subunit RNA Polymerases: An Insight into Their Active Sites and Catalytic Mechanism

Aim: To analyze various single subunit DNA dependent RNA polymerases and identify conserved motifs, active site regions among them and propose a plausible mechanism of action for these polymerases using the T7 RNA polymerase as a model system. Study Design: Bioinformatics, Biochemical, Site-directed mutagenesis and X-ray crystallographic data were analyzed. Place and Duration of Study:…
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August 2, 2019 0

Influence of Microorganisms on Corrosion Induction and Protection

The microbial corrosion or the microbiologically induced corrosion (MIC) is defined as the deterioration of metals as a result of metabolic activities of microorganisms. MIC leads to important economical losses in many industries and services. Anaerobic Sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) is a serious type of MIC commonly found in the oil and gas industry sector and…
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August 2, 2019 0

Actinobacteria: A Renewable Source of Bioactive Molecules with Medical, Industrial and Pharmacological Importance

The Actinobacteria receive much attention, since they produce a wide variety of metabolites, including antibiotics, antitumor agents, antioxidant molecules and enzyme inhibitors. These bacteria can be found in various habitats, including soil, ocean, extreme environments, mangrove, lichen, plants, and animals. The classification of Actinobacteria based upon the morphological observation, physiological and biochemical characteristics is not…
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August 2, 2019 0

Prospection of Endophyte Microorganisms from Bauhinia monandra Leaves with Mainly Identification of Actinobacteria

The present work aimed the prospection of microorganisms from Bauhinia monandra leaves, with the purpose to identify endophytics to obtain strains with possible biotechnological applications. B. monandra leaves, disinfected with hypochlorite solution, were macerated in phosphate buffered saline and seeded in ten culture media containing antibacterial or antifungal agents. The endophytic filamentous fungus strains detected…
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August 2, 2019 0

Selection and Characterization of Phosphate Solubilizing Bacteria Isolated from the Rhizosphere of Three Cultivated Legumes in Morocco

Phosphorus is the most important nutrient for the growth and development of plants. Phosphate-solubilizing bacteria (PSB) are known to influence plant growth by enhancing the availability of soluble P. This study aimed to isolate PSB from the rhizosphere of three cultivated legumes (fava bean, chickpea, and green peas) and evaluate their plant growth promotion (PGP)…
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August 2, 2019 0

Molecular Basis of Pathogenesis of Diabetes Mellitus Type 2- a New Perspective

Decreased insulin secretion due to beta cell dysfunction of the pancreas and defective utilization of insulin due to insulin resistance / Hyperinsulinemia are two important issues in the pathogenesis of DM2. There are many explanations in the literature to account for these two observed phenomena and their interrelationship. DM2 is believed to occur due to…
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July 26, 2019 0

Delirious Mania: Recognition and Successful Treatment with Donepezil in the Context of Historical and Contemporary Investigations of Delirium and Delirious Mania

Aims: Presentation of a case of severe delirious mania with resolution of delirium after treatment with donepezil. Presentation of Case: KA was a 44 y/o Australian female with a history of bipolar affective disorder with psychotic manic episodes. Two weeks prior to her psychiatric admission she was admitted to a medical ward after an overdose…
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July 26, 2019 0

Neurocysticercosis and Psycho-social Trauma

This chapter describes a patient with neurocysticercosis who presented with psychotic features. He came to Cairns, Queensland, Australia as a refugee following his experiences of civil unrest in Rwanda. A review of the current literature on neurocysticercosis is described including an introduction, clinical presentation of neurocysticercosis, diagnosis, treatment, case presentation, clinical course, Axis 1-IV diagnoses…
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July 26, 2019 0

Spotlight on Leucin-Rich Repeat Kinase 2 (LRRK2) G2019S Mutation and Parkinson’s Disease in Egyptians

Aim: Many causative genes and susceptibility loci have been identified to be associated with Parkinson’s disease (PD) in different ethnic populations. One of these genes is the Leucin-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) gene. The G2019S substitution in that gene is the most common mutation identified to co-segregates with PD. One of the significant mutations in…
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July 26, 2019 0