Category: Microbiology and Biotechnology

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Effect of Sumac on DNA: An Advanced Study

For a long period of time, R. By grinding dried fruits with salt, coriaria has been used as a spice and has also been commonly used in herbal medicine as a medicinal herb because of its athero-protective role and its ability to treat eye diseases, wounds, intestinal disorders, ringworms and skin disorders. Furthermore, R. Coriaria…
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January 5, 2021 0

Recent Advancements on the Application of Biotechnology towards Diagnosis and Treatment in Veterinary Medicine in Africa: Potentials and Future Developments

In many fields of medicine, biotechnology is an already proven method, but its implementation in the field of veterinary medicine has only begun to emerge with the potential to revolutionise veterinary practise. Therefore, this paper reviews existing biotechnology applications in veterinary medicine for diagnosis and treatment in Africa, including: molecular gene cloning, development of vaccines…
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January 5, 2021 0

Mucosal Open Cavities: Organs Supported by Specific Microbiocenoses Increasing Human Resistance

New aspects of safety mechanisms for the human mucosal cavity are under consideration. It has been proposed that mucosal cavities act as mucosal organs on the basis of their own data. Progress in developing thoughts about the identification and binding of glycoconjugates by mucosal organs is reflected. New mucosal organ players were suggested and identified.…
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January 5, 2021 0

Secretion of α-L-rhamnosidases by Few Aspergillus Fungal Strains Using Solid State Fermentation and Their Application in Debittering of Orange Fruit Juice

Alpha-L-rhamnosidase development from Aspergillus ochraceous MTCC -1810, A. MTCC Wentii-1901, A. MTCC Sydowii- 635, A. Using readily available agro-industrial residues such as corn cob, rice bran, sugarcane bagasse, wheat bran and citrus peel as substrate, foetidus MTCC-508 under solid-state fermentation. Among these, the best substrate was found to be sugarcane bagasse in combination with naringin…
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January 5, 2021 0

Comparison of Widal Screening Test with Cultural Isolation Method for Diagnosis of Salmonella typhi/paratyphi Infections

The efficacy of Widal screening was tested in comparison with stool and blood cultures for the diagnosis of typhoid/paratyphoid fever in exposed subjects. A total of 1000 samples from 248 males and 252 females aged < 1 – 68 years (500 stools and 500 blood each) were examined. A broad screening test was performed on…
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January 5, 2021 0

Statistical Approaches for Optimization of Medium Components for Fungal Phytase

In order to increase the output of fungal enzymes, many techniques are used, including fermentation methods, medium optimization, strain improvements, etc. We define in this chapter an ideal situation based on a statistical approach to increase the output of phytase from heat stressed Rhizopus oryzae. The cost effective fermentation method is primarily based on medium…
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January 5, 2021 0

An Overview of Advances in the Treatment of Mycoses in Pediatric Patients

Excessive morbidity and mortality in paediatrics are significant causes of invasive fungal infections (IFIs). There are different variables that can increase the risk in paediatrics of developing an IFI. The key indications for the administration of antifungal drugs in paediatrics are checked, as well as an update of the antifungal agent evidence and the antifungal…
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January 5, 2021 0

Epidemiological Survey of Viral Hepatitis B and C among HIV Infected Pregnant Women Attending Care and Treatment in Abuja, FCT, Nigeria

Introduction: For health care policy organisers and programme administrators, the epidemiology of viral hepatitis during pregnancy is of high significance. Viral hepatitis B, C, and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) are among the most common globally occurring blood-borne infections with great clinical consequences. Children born to these pregnant women are at high risk for such viral…
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January 5, 2021 0

Parasitic Infections of the Alimentary Canals in Humans

Parasitic gastrointestinal tract infections (Alimentary Canal) are the world’s biggest cause of morbidity and mortality, and Jos in particular. This chapter discussed potential food canal parasites with a view to controlling them, beginning with Jos Nigeria. Ascaris lumbricoides, hookworm and Schistosoma mansoni are three major intestinal parasites found among students of tertiary institutions in Jos.…
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January 5, 2021 0

β-Lactam Antibiotic Induces the Expression of blaOXA-51-like and blaOXA-23 in Clinically Isolated Acinetobacter baumannii and Acinetobacter lowffii

Acinetobacter is globally responsible for nosocomial infections as opportunistic pathogens. It is known for its ability to withstand a variety of antibiotics and belongs to gamma protoebacteria, Gram-negative, aerobic bacteria. Two isolates of A. In this study, Bassaffii, and A. 16S rRNA assessment with a high percentage similarity to the corresponding strains on the NCBI…
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January 5, 2021 0