Climatic Anomalies and Plant Diseases
Our planet’s climate has been quickly shifting. The average global air temperature has risen by 0.740 degrees Celsius in the last century, with a 0.4 degree Celsius increase in Russia between 1990 and 2000. Warming of over 2°C is projected by the middle of the century (http://www.protown.ru/information/articles/articles 2519.html). The northern and European parts of Russia are experiencing the fastest temperature rises (0.052°C/year). In the year 2020, January was the warmest month. In January, for example, the average monthly temperature in Moscow and St. Petersburg was 9.4. (https://terve.su/globalnoe-poteplenie-mnenie-finnov/). Climate change could have disastrous consequences for agriculture. Agriculture accounts for over 70% of the losses associated with poor climatic conditions. Experts estimate that as a result of climate change, Russia loses more than 40 million tonnes of grain equivalent crop production each year. Experts predict that climate change will result in the extinction of 30-40% of plant and animal species, as well as the degradation of vital ecosystems, agricultural output, and, as a result, a worsening of the food security problem. The effects of climate abnormalities on plant diseases are discussed in this chapter. It gives examples of diseases spreading from the south to the north of Russia. The spectrum of thermophilic species of phytopathogenic fungi is thought to be expanding as a result of global warming. In the context of global climate change, the author analyses the challenges of parasite-plant relationships, as well as the structural characteristics of preventative measures.
Author (s) Details
Department of Mycology and Phytopathology, All-Russian Institute of Plant Protection, Saint-Petersburg, 196608, 3 Podbelskoye Shosse, Russia.
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