Contemporary Total Hip Replacement: A Basic Science Perspective

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Contemporary Total Hip Replacement: A Basic Science Perspective

September 24, 2020 Medicine and Medical Science 0

Total Hip Replacement is one of the most common operations performed in the developed world
today. Anincreasingly ageing population means that the numbers of people undergoing this operation
is set to rise. There are a numerous number of prosthesis on the market and it is often difficult to
choose between them. This paper reviews the relevant anatomical and biomechanical principles in
THA. It goes on to elaborate on the structural properties of materials used in modern implants and
looks at the evidence base for different types of fixation including cemented and uncemented
components. Modern bearing surfaces are discussed in addition to the scientific basis of various
surface engineering modifications in THA prostheses. The basic science considerations in component
alignment and abductor tension are also discussed. This article reviews basic science concepts and
the rationale underpinning the use of the femoral and acetabular component in total hip replacement.

Author(s) Details

Saqeb B. Mirza
Western Sussex Hospitals NHS Trust, United Kingdom.

Nirav N. Shah
Western Sussex Hospitals NHS Trust, United Kingdom.

Abdelhakim Kareem Edres
Western Sussex Hospitals NHS Trust, United Kingdom.

Karim M. Abdelghafour
Western Sussex Hospitals NHS Trust, United Kingdom.

Sukhmeet S. Panesar
NHS England, United Kingdom.

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