## Cosmic Photon Radiation as the Driving Force for the Expansion of the Universe in Accordance with Hubble`s Law

*The Standard Model of Cosmology (SMC) offers no physically reasoned explanation for the expansion of cosmic space in accordance with Hubble’s Law. As will be illustrated in the course of this paper, an explanation for this special expansionary behaviour of the cosmos can be derived using Planck’s Law for the energy of photons E = h . *

*v**. It then emerges that the constant increase in the entropy of cosmic photons in the course of universal time causes the expansion of cosmic space. The permanently driving for*

*ce for this expansion was thus from the very beginning the electromagnetic radiation energy, has remained so to date and will remain so for the entire duration of the universe.*

*The SMC postulates a continuous reduction of the speed of expansion due to the braking effect of the gravitation of all the cosmic masses – which does not correspond to reality. The author therefore proposes that the SMC be amended to reflect today’s insights by formulating an energy model of the cosmos based on the Planck action quantum h, which could be denoted as “Planck’s World Model of the Cosmos”.*

**For more information contact author**

**Guido Zbiral
**Independent Private Scientist, Klosterneuburg, Austria (Retd.).

E-mail: [email protected]

**View Volume: **http://bp.bookpi.org/index.php/bpi/catalog/book/134

Big bang Books cosmic background radiation cosmic expansion entropy gravitation Planck action quantum h Science Standard Model of Cosmology (SMC)