Critical Study on Prevalence of Bacterial Vaginosis among Antenatal Patients at Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki, South East Nigeria

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Critical Study on Prevalence of Bacterial Vaginosis among Antenatal Patients at Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki, South East Nigeria

November 18, 2020 Medicine and Medical Science 0

The most common cause of vaginal discharge in women of child-bearing age is bacterial vaginosis (BV). Of these women, about half are asymptomatic. Adverse effects are consistently associated with pregnancy and puerperium bacterial vaginosis. In order to analyze the prevalence, this study involved recruiting 230 participants and screening them for BV using the Amsel criteria. Identification and care of these women is hoped to help avoid any of the BV-associated sequela. Vaginal microflora restoration by treating reported BV cases would also help reduce the transmission of HIV and herpes simplex virus (HSV) as their replication and vaginal shedding are propagated by BV. Two hundred and thirty women were tested for BV in the age group of 16 to 40 years. All the participants showered, often using soap and water. Based on Amsel’s criterion, 55 women (23.9 percent) had BV. The highest prevalence of BV (51.9 percent) was in women with only one sexual partner. An significant first step in preventing BV and encouraging its diagnosis and treatment would be to raise awareness of bacterial vaginosis among our pregnant females and their health care providers. It will also be an important first step in the prevention of BV sequela during pregnancy and in the time of puerperium.

Author (s) Details

Obiora Godfrey Asiegbu
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Nigeria

Uzoma Vivian Asiegbu
Department of Paediatrics, Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Nigeria.

Blessing Onwe
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Nigeria.

Amobi Bobbie Chukwujioke Iwe
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Nigeria

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