Culture Mixed-Sex and Monosex of Tilapia in Ponds in Mexico City: Comparative Study

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Culture Mixed-Sex and Monosex of Tilapia in Ponds in Mexico City: Comparative Study

July 29, 2020 Biological Science 0

In this study the growth of Oreochromis niloticus both mixed sex and males sexually reversed were
analyzed in concrete ponds in the FES Zaragoza, UNAM, under the environmental conditions o f the
Mexico City. The experiment was carried from May to November 2013, in two concrete ponds of 50
m2. Similar feeding regime and stocking density of fish were maintained for the culture systems.
Different growth parameters like body weight, length, daily weight gain (DWG), specific growth rate
(SGR), feed conversion rate (FCR), Fulton’s condition index (K) and survival were analyzed during six
months culture period. It was found that culture with monosex males tilapias yielded the highest
weight, length, DWG, SGR compared to mixed sex populations tilapias. Water quality was monitored
along the experiment. Based on the results, there were statistically significant differences in size (W =
20942.5, p<0.05) and weight (W = 21413.0, p< 0.05) between the divisions of the pond. The initial
total length used was 1.2 cm and ended with 20.4 cm for monosex males, higher than mixed-sex
population. The initial average body weight of the fish was 0.21 g and they recorded 192.2 g at the
end of culture for monosex males. The weight-length relationship for both populations of fish was
positive allometric. The percentage gain in body weight and total length averaged were 150% and
31.8% respectively. Specific growth rates in weight and length for monosex males were higher than
mixed-sex population. Daily weight gain and size was similar in both populations. The FCR had a
mean value of 1.9:1 for monosex males and condition factor (K) had an average of 1.45 for mixed-sex
population. Water quality indicate good oxygenation (> 5 mg/L), warm water (> 20°C), productive
(<100 mg/L CaCO3) and slightly basic (pH>8). Acceptable growth of fish and a yield of 3 ton/ha/6
months were obtained in both two ponds; therefore, the culture of tilapia under conditions of Mexico
City is recommended.

Author(s) Details

Dr. J. L. Gómez-Márquez
Laboratorio de Limnología, Facultad de Estudios Superiores Zaragoza, UNAM, C.P. 09230, Mexico

B. Peña-Mendoza
Laboratorio de Limnología, Facultad de Estudios Superiores Zaragoza, UNAM, C.P. 09230, Mexico.

J. L. Guzmán-Santiago
Laboratorio de Limnología, Facultad de Estudios Superiores Zaragoza, UNAM, C.P. 09230, Mexico.

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