Current Scenario of Mangrove Floristics of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands

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Current Scenario of Mangrove Floristics of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands

June 19, 2021 AGRICULTURE 0

Andaman and Nicobar mangroves account for 12.39 percent of the country’s total mangrove area. They are widely regarded as the best mangroves in the country in terms of density and growth. Andaman Island contains 99 percent of the mangroves, while Nicobar Island contains only 1 percent. They provide a unique habitat for a variety of fish, crustaceans, aquatic organisms, birds, crocodiles, monkeys, and other animals. This diverse and productive ecosystem serves as the foundation for the food chain in the sea and coastal waters. They provide fuelwood, charcoal, timber, and wood chips, as well as help to stabilize the shoreline and filter land runoffs and green walls for soil erosion, which is critical in protecting loose soil from high wind velocity, tidal surges, and cyclonic storms. However, in recent years, the mangrove cover of the Islands has decreased from 686 km2 to 616 km2, representing a 10.20 percent decrease. The main reason for this is the undervaluing of the ecosystem, as well as the implications of climate change.

Author (s) Details

Mr. Nitin K. Suyani
College of Fisheries, Karnataka Veterinary Animal and Fisheries Sciences University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India.

Mr. Mukesh Kumar Singh
College of Fisheries, Karnataka Veterinary Animal and Fisheries Sciences University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India.

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