Description of 8 Years Observational Study on Colorectal Cancer in UAE

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Description of 8 Years Observational Study on Colorectal Cancer in UAE

September 24, 2020 Medicine and Medical Science 0

Dear Editor,
Colorectal cancer is the fourth (4th) common cancer in both sexes, worldwide and is the third most
common cancer in men and the second in women [1–22].It accounts for over 9% of all cancer
incidence [23,24,25]. With abnormally heightened replication and survival, the hyper-proliferative cells
give rise to a benign adenoma, which may then evolve into carcinoma and metastasize over decades
[26,27].
In 2012, 1.36 million cases of colorectal cancer occurred and there were 693,881 deaths [4]. The
incidence is increasing under age 50 and it is the second killer cancer in UAE in 2017. In the Emirate
of Abu Dhabi the Health Authority of Abu Dhabi (HAAD) instituted 2013 a colon cancer screening
program [1].
According to HAAD in a report published in 2012 colon cancer are the 2nd common cancer and 4th
common cause of cancer deaths in men and 3rd most common cancer and 2nd common cause of
cancer deaths in women [1].
HAAD colon cancer prevention program included primary preventive strategies and secondary
prevention by stool fit test every 2 years or colonoscopy every 10 years [1].
Colorectal cancer risk factors in Abu Dhabi
Non-modifiable risk factors included:
Family history of colorectal cancer;
Personal history of colorectal cancer;
Personal history of polyps in the colon, ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s Disease;
Age older than 40 years. Modifiable risk factors include:
Obesity; A diet high in fat and red meat and low in fruits and vegetables;
Low levels of physical activity (sedentary lifestyle);
Tobacco use (cigarettes, shisha and medwakh, etc.);

Author (s) Details

Dr. Makki H. Fayadh
Advanced Center for Day Care Surgery (ACDS), Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

Salem Awadh Sabih
Advanced Center for Day Care Surgery (ACDS), Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

Hadi Affan Quadri
Advanced Center for Day Care Surgery (ACDS), Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

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