Determination of Relationship among Macronutrient Intake and Overweight/Obesity in School Children from Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico

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Determination of Relationship among Macronutrient Intake and Overweight/Obesity in School Children from Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico

September 8, 2021 Health Research 0

The goal of this study was to see if there was a link between macronutrient intake and overweight/obesity in kids in Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico.
In Celaya, Guanajuato, 225 school-aged youngsters (6 to 13 years) were evaluated. Individual interviews with parents and children were undertaken to obtain information on food consumption frequency using a validated questionnaire (SNUT), from which the intake of macronutrients (carbohydrates, proteins, and fats) and fat subtypes were calculated. To determine the relationship between macronutrient intake and overweight/obesity in schoolchildren, the Chi squared statistic and its accompanying p-value were calculated.
In this group of schoolchildren from Celaya, Guanajuato, there is no link between macronutrient intake (proteins, carbs, and fats) and overweight/obesity. Carbohydrates (X2 = 3.47, P=.18); proteins (X2 = 3.36, P=.19); and lipids (Z for two proportions) (P>.05.) were the macronutrients associated with obesity.
Conclusion: Other significant factors, such as physical activity, may play a role in the link between overweight/obesity and obesity.

Author (S) Details

Gilberto Flores-Vargas
Department of Research and Technological Development, Directorate of Teaching and Research, Institute of Public Health from Guanajuato State, Guanajuato, Mexico.

Nicolás Padilla-Raygoza
Department of Research and Technological Development, Directorate of Teaching and Research, Institute of Public Health from Guanajuato State, Guanajuato, Mexico.

María de Jesús Gallardo-Luna
Department of Research and Technological Development, Directorate of Teaching and Research, Institute of Public Health from Guanajuato State, Guanajuato, Mexico.

Efraín Navarro-Olivos
Directorate of Teaching and Research, Institute of Public Health from Guanajuato State. Guanajuato, Mexico.

Hazel Marisol Urrusquieta-Flores
Center of University Studies Vizcaya de las Américas, Uruapan, México.

Sandra Neli Jimenez-García
Department of Nursing and Obstetrics, Division of Health Sciences and Engineering, Campus Celaya Salvatierra, University of Guanajuato, Celaya, México.

Esther Ramírez-Moreno
Interdisciplinary Research Center, Academic Area of Nutrition, Institute of Health Sciences, Pachuca, México.

Verónica Benítez-Guerrero
Academic Unit of Nursing, Autonomous University of Nayarit, Tepic, México.

José Arias-Rico
Academic Area of Nursing, Institute of Health Sciences, Autonomous University of Hidalgo, México.

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