Determining the Placental-Birth Weight Ratio at Term at the Benue State University Teaching Hospital, Makurdi, North-Central Nigeria: A CrossSectional Study

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Determining the Placental-Birth Weight Ratio at Term at the Benue State University Teaching Hospital, Makurdi, North-Central Nigeria: A CrossSectional Study

July 17, 2021 Disease and Health 0

Background: A neonate’s birth weight is mostly determined by placental growth and function in the womb. The placental weight, neonatal birth weight, and placenta-birth weight ratio are all indirect measures of this important link. This emphasises the importance of placental weight as a key factor in newborn weight. The goal of this study was to evaluate the placental weight, birth weight, and placental-birth weight ratio in a group of pregnant women who came to our prenatal clinic. Methodology: From July 31, 2015, to June 30, 2017, a clinic-based cross-sectional study was conducted. Four hundred and forty-four (444) pregnant women who attended our antenatal clinic were randomly selected. A table-top beam weighing scale was used to quantify placental and birth weights within one hour after delivery. The statistical analysis was carried out using SPSS version 20.0, with a significance level of 0.05. The study included 444 women (with a mean age of 28.75 years, a mean parity of 1.5, and a mean gestational age at birth of 38.70 weeks). The average placental weight was 670 grammes, the average birth weight was 3300 grammes, and the average placental-birth weight ratio was 20.3. Two hundred and eighteen (49.1%) of the neonates were males, while 226 (50.9%) were females. The placental weight and the placental-birth weight ratio had a positive connection (X2 = 108.570; p-value = 0.001). There was a progressive decline in the PBWR with gestational age at term. Conclusion: As the birth weight and gestational age grew, so did the placental weight. With increasing gestational age, the placenta-to-birth weight ratio decreased.

Author (s) Details

P. O. Eka
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Benue State University Teaching Hospital, Makurdi, Nigeria.

T. Z. Swende
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Benue State University Teaching Hospital, Makurdi, Nigeria.

A. O. Ojabo
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Benue State University Teaching Hospital, Makurdi, Nigeria.

B. T. Utoo
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Benue State University Teaching Hospital, Makurdi, Nigeria.

A. A. Ornguze
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Benue State University Teaching Hospital, Makurdi, Nigeria.

S. K. Hembah- Hilekaan
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Benue State University Teaching Hospital, Makurdi, Nigeria.

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