Do the Fluctuating Estrogen Levels during the Menstrual Cycle Influence Muscle Performance in Females?
This is a review article to determine whether fluctuating estrogen levels during the menstrual cycle affect female muscle performance. Hormonal fluctuations during a woman’s menstrual cycle, in addition to affecting the reproductive system, also affect the physiological and psychological components of the body, which has an impact on her day-to-day performance. The presence of estrogen receptors (ER) has been discovered in skeletal muscle, ligaments, tendons, and smooth muscle. Estrogen has been shown to have a significant influence on muscle membrane stability, potentially reducing post-exercise muscle damage and soreness.
Author (S) Details
Dr. Ayesha Juhi
Department of Physiology, Apollo Institute of Medical Science and Research, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
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