Effect of Zinc Application Biofortification of Zn in Grain of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Varieties
The goal of this study was to see how some chickpea varieties responded to zinc fertilization. In other words, fertilization is used to increase the zinc (an essential element) content of chickpea grain. A lack of zinc results not only in a decrease in product yield, but also in a decrease in quality. Fertilizer application is an important agricultural approach to improving quality. In a two-year study under rainfed field conditions, as well as farmer cultivation, we hypothesized that different chickpea varieties would be fertilized with zinc and compared to controls. A randomized complete block experimental design with three replications in split plot arrangements was used. Ten chickpea varieties were chosen as main plots, with zinc treatments as split plots. There were significant differences between its varieties, according to the results. For example, the best result in 2012 was obtained from zinc application of Uzunlu-99 variety with 51.00 mg kg-1, and the best result in 2013 was obtained from zinc application of 64.33 mg kg-1 ILC-195. Furthermore, our findings indicated that zinc fertilizing crops such as chickpeas for better biofortification in zinc-deficient soils. When the average values are considered, our experiment concludes that zinc fertilizer application increased the concentration of zinc in grain.
Author (S) Details
Meral A. Koca
Kayseri Directorate of Provincial Agriculture and Forestry, Kayseri, Turkey.
Prof. Dr. M. Sait Adak
Field Crops Department, Faculty of Agricultural, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey.
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