Enzymatic Potential of Rhizobacteria from the Amazon
Currently, about 6000 enzymes are known, but the number is much higher, especially in areas with high biological diversity, such as the Amazon rainforest. The chances of finding pathogenic bacteria in humans are extremely low in the plant rhizosphere, providing a safe genetic resource to be exploited biotechnologically. Some products and enzymes of economic interest found in rhizobacteria isolated from Amazonian environments, such as plant growth hormones and phosphate solubilization, have been identified. amylases, proteases, and lipases that could be used as raw materials for the establishment of bioindustries in the region The majority of our Amazonian microbiota research focuses on evaluating functional genes of economic and ecological importance. Enzymes found in regional microorganisms such as cellulases, hemicellulases, ligninases, phosphatases, nitrogenases, lipases, chitinases, and pectinases are of agronomic and forestry interest. The Amazonian microbiota is diverse and has great biotechnological potential. This high microbial potential must be better understood in order to effectively contribute to regional and national development via the global market for enzymes and other metabolites.
Author (S) Details
Universidade Paulista – Manaus (UNIP), Brazil.
Paulo Rocha de Oliveira Jr
Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA), Brazil.
André Luis Willerding
Centro de Biotecnologia da Amazônia (CBA), Brazil.
Luiz Antonio de Oliveira
Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA), Brazil and Centro de Biotecnologia da Amazônia (CBA), Brazil.
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