Essential Steps for Developing Rice Harvest Mechanization in Bangladesh

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Essential Steps for Developing Rice Harvest Mechanization in Bangladesh

March 29, 2021 Agricultural Sciences 0

Mechanization can boost agricultural productivity in the long run, particularly when it comes to harvesting and reducing postharvest losses. Knowing the status, issues, and suggestions for harvest mechanisation will be needed to achieve this goal. Based on different agro-climatic conditions and cropping intensity, this study considered 21 upzillas from seven regions (Dhaka, Mymensingh, Sylhet, Comilla, Bogra, Rajshahi, and Rangpur). A total of 126 farmers took part in the interview.

For the knowledge formulation, we used a structural questionnaire and statical analysis. The average cultivable area in the project area ranged from 225 to 1239 decimal. Harvesting is a time-consuming task for farmers, with 97.62 percent of harvesting performed by sickle and just 2.38 percent accomplished by computer. After harvesting the paddy, 44.44 percent of farmers transported it to the threshing yard by head carry, small truck, or manually driven trolley. The paddy threshing activity in Bangladesh is highly mechanised (95 percent ). Closed drum thresher (49.21 percent), open drum thresher (26.19 percent), paddle thresher (16.7%), combine harvester (0.79 percent), and other threshing devices were accessible. The kula is the most common cleaning device in the research area (37.3 percent).

In the study region, a large percentage of farmers (80.95 percent) had machinery, while 19.05 percent of paddy growers did not. Harvesting was a labor-intensive (42.06 percent) and time-consuming process for farmers (36.51 percent ). The transport of harvested paddy was hazardous and painful to the head, shoulder, hand, waist, backbone, leg, and other body parts. In the survey region, the most important benefit of mechanised harvesting was lower labour requirements (36.51 percent), followed by lower rice loss (21.43 percent). All of the farmers who took part in the interview said that they needed machinery and listed agricultural credit with favourable terms, machinery subsidies, and a fair market price for their rice.

Author (s) Details

Bidhan Chandra Nath
PhD Fellow in Agricultural Engineering, University of Southern Queensland (USQ), Australia and Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Bangladesh.

Md. Durrul Huda
Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Bangladesh.

Md. Mizanur Rahman
Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Bangladesh.

Subrata Paul
Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Bangladesh.

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