Estimation of Placental Thickness with Gestational age in Second &Third Trimester-An Ultrasonographic Study

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Estimation of Placental Thickness with Gestational age in Second &Third Trimester-An Ultrasonographic Study

September 8, 2021 Medicine and Medical 0

The placenta is a vital part of the fetus’s health in utero, as it is responsible for the fetus’s regular growth and development. The measurement of the placenta can therefore detect if the fetus’s growth is impaired. Our goal was to discover the typical range of placental thickness and its relationship to gestational age in the second and third trimesters. 100 pregnant women between the 14th and 38th weeks of pregnancy were sent to the department of Radiodiagnosis in collaboration with the department of Anatomy from prenatal clinics. Routine prenatal ultrasonography was performed on females under the age of 35 who had no medical problems. The experiment was conducted on a seimen Acuson 300 ultrasound machine with a 3.5MHZ convex probe. In both the longitudinal and transverse directions, the placental thickness was assessed at the level of umbilical cord implantation. The Biparital Diameter, Head Circumference, Abdominal Circumference, and Femur Length are used to establish the ultrasonic gestational age. The mean value of placental thickness and its standard deviation were computed for various gestational weeks and statistically compared with gestational age to determine an association. The maximum mean placental thickness is 19.823.42 at 19 weeks of pregnancy and 38.90.04 at 38 weeks of pregnancy, with a significant positive association between placental thickness and gestational age of r=0.82 and r=0.79 in the second and third trimesters, respectively. Because of its linear correlation, placental thickness can be employed as an accurate sonographic indicator in determining gestational age.

Author (S) Details

Archana Sinha
Department of Anatomy, Noida International Institute of Medical Science ,Noida at U.P., India.

Pratishtha Potdar
Department of Anatomy, Noida International Institute of Medical Science ,Noida at U.P., India.

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