History and Status of Eucalyptus Improvement in Florida: 2020
In 1959, the Florida Forests Foundation in southern Florida began the first organised Eucalyptus research in Florida. The USDA Forest Service and the Florida Forestry Division took up this study in 1968. In the early 1970s, to provide additional funding, the Eucalyptus Research Cooperative created E. E., Grandis. E., robusta. E. and Camaldulensis. Tereticornis and evolved cultural practises for southern Florida commercial plantations. In 1978, this cooperative united with the North Carolina State University (NCSU) Hardwood Research Cooperative until 1985, when the 14-year effort ended after three severe freezes from 1983 to 1985. Eucalyptus planting and research was continued by the University of Florida (UF) and collaborators beginning in 1980, with a Florida-wide focus. The collective achievements are outlined in terms of genetic capital and industrial planting. Fast-growing, freeze-resilient E, for instance. Grandis seedlings are produced by seedling seed orchards of the 4th and 5th generation (SSO) and clonal seed orchards of the 4th generation (CSO), 3 E. There are commercially available grandis cultivars, as are E. Seeds of amplifolia and Corymbia torelliana by SSOs of the 1st and 2nd centuries and CSOs of the 2nd generation. Owing to advantageous partnerships, genetic advancement of these and other animals is ongoing. Short Rotation Woody Crop systems are promising to increase productivity and expand applications such as windbreaks, dendroremediation, energywood, and carbon sequestration to applications beyond conventional mulchwood.
Donald L. Rockwood
School of Forest Resources and Conservation, University of Florida, 118 Newins-Ziegler Hall, Gainesville, FL 32611-0410, USA.
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