Latest News on International Politics : July – 2020

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Latest News on International Politics : July – 2020

July 23, 2020 Social Sciences And Humanities 0

War, peace, and international politics. Fourth edition

We must conclude that war remains a major problem in the last quarter of the twentieth century. My intention in this book is to introduce you to international relations by focusing on this problem. War is not the only problem of international relations, and so this book does not exhaust the field. But war is a central problem, and the possibility of resort to war affects other aspects of international relations. Whatever else we may look at, we cannot avoid looking at war. In fact, in looking at war, we will touch on most of the other subjects important in international relations. War is conflict among states carried on by their armed forces. To distinguish war from border skirmishes and other minor incidents we usually say it must reach a certain magnitude (for example, at least 1,000 soldiers killed in battle over a year). It would be ideal if we could systematically study all the wars in the last hundred years, but such an exhaustive study would be out of place here. At the same time we cannot discuss such subjects as the cause of war or proposals for preventing it without some knowledge about actual wars. [1]

A Question of Agency: Africa in international politics

Over recent years African states have become increasingly prominent actors in high-level international politics. This article makes the case for studying Africa’s international relations from the point of view of agency. The article outlines contemporary contexts within which questions of African agency have come to the fore and argues a need to think conceptually about agency in international politics in a way that accommodates the range of different agencies at work. The article outlines three elements as foundations for the analysis of African agency: first, a conceptualisation of different dimensions of agency; second, a recognition of the importance of sovereignty in differentiating between state, or state-enabled agents, and others; and third, a temporally embedded approach to agency that historicises contemporary agency. Combined, these elements suggest that future work on African agency would be able to engage seriously with the continent’s role in international politics in a way that presents Africa as actor not just acted upon, historical agent not just history’s recipient. [2]

 

The problems of plenty: Energy policy and international politics

This book is a study of the interplay of technology, economics, and politics in the world energy market. It particularly emphasizes how shifting international coalitions of governments and businesses have altered the world energy market since 1914. Economic shifts may have several causes: new technology, changing patterns of supply and demand, or the reordering of political arrangements within and between countries. Whatever the reason, governments and corporations find that old strategies no longer suffice. Success comes to countries and firms that devise the most successful strategies for exploiting the crises. This book shows how statesmen and businessmen have satisfied political and economic necessity while exploiting political and economic opportunities. It identifies the major elements of the international strategies of the principal actors in world energy markets, asks why coalitions selected a given strategy, and probes the consequences of their choices. [3]

International Politics of Oil Monomania and Food Security: The Nigerian Case

Food security has assumed a prominent role in international politics not only for traditional state actors but also of giant multinationals ranging from large scale Western farming, agro-allied corporations to pharmaceuticals and global food supply and retail channels. This study seeks to examine Nigeria’s oil dependency and its negative effects on food security. It considers the impact of Sovereign Wealth Fund (SWF) in Nigeria as compared to Norway and other countries operating SWF. Data were generated using secondary sources. The paper argues that the continuous reliance of Nigeria on oil is largely associated with increased poverty rate resulting from boom burst cycle which accompanies it. It argues that in Nigeria, the SWF has not achieved the purpose for its adoption. Hence, amidst abundance, a high percentage of people living in oil exporting countries (especially Nigeria) tend to linger in poverty. The paper recommends, among others, that oil dependent countries like Nigeria should invest large oil proceeds to other sectors of the economy like agriculture, human resource training and development, and entrepreneurship. Also, good economic management of oil wealth using the SWF and sound fiscal policies are needed to achieve impressive standard of living in Nigeria. [4]

Reference

[1] Ziegler, D.W., 1987. War, peace, and international politics.

[2] Brown, W., 2012. A question of agency: Africa in international politics. Third World Quarterly, 33(10), pp.1889-1908.

[3] Cowhey, P.F., 1985. The problems of plenty: Energy policy and international politics.

[4] Eyo Etim, E., Joseph Ogbinyi Jr, O. and O. Duke, O. (2017) “International Politics of Oil Monomania and Food Security: The Nigerian Case”, Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, 3(4), pp. 1-11. doi: 10.9734/ARJASS/2017/31631.

 

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