Latest News on Phytochemical Composition Research: Nov – 2019

Science Press Release Distribution Services

Latest News on Phytochemical Composition Research: Nov – 2019

November 16, 2019 Medicinal Plants 0

Phytochemical Composition and Antioxidant Stability of Fortified Yellow Passion Fruit (Passiflora edulis)

Yellow edible fruit juice (PFJ, Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa) is a very important element of the many tropical fruit beverages, however restricted knowledge exist on its inhibitor chemical composition and stability throughout process and storage. PFJ fortified with water-soluble vitamin (450 mg/L) and saccharose (10%) was compared to a nonfortified management, and every was evaluated with and while not vacuum deaeration to get rid of dissolved chemical element. Following sterilization, juices were hold on for twenty eight days at thirty seven °C to intensify chemistry changes. sterilization (85 °C for thirty min) resulted in minor changes to chemistry attributes, however considerable changes occurred throughout storage that resulted in termination of the study when twenty eight days. chemical element management ways tested to be ineffective for quality retention and indicated oxygen-independent reactions moving juice color, phytochemical content, and inhibitor activity. water-soluble vitamin ANd saccharose fortification had an overall preservation impact on total carotenoids, the previous leading to hyperchromic shifts in absorbance, indicating their chemoprotection. [1]

Phytochemical composition and thermal stability of two commercial açai species, Euterpe oleracea and Euterpe precatoria

Açai fruit are native to the Amazon region of South America and 2 predominant species are commercially exported as fruit pulps to be used in food and nutrient applications. elaborate characterisation of the polyphenolic compounds gift within the de-seeded fruits of Euterpe oleracea and Euterpe precatoria species were conducted by HPLC–ESI–MSn analyses and their thermal stability and overall influence on inhibitor capability were determined. Anthocyanins were the predominant polyphenolics in each E. oleracea (2247 ± twenty three mg/kg) and E. precatoria (3,458 ± sixteen mg/kg) species, and accounted for nearly ninetieth of the trolox equivalent inhibitor capability in each E. oleracea (87.4 ± 4.4 μmol TE/g) and E. precatoria (114 ± half dozen.9 μmol TE/g) fruits. [2]

The phytochemical composition and antioxidant actions of tree nuts

In addition to being an expensive supply of many essential vitamins and minerals, mono- and unsaturated fatty acids, and fiber, most tree barmy offer Associate in Nursing array of phytochemicals that will contribute to the health edges attributed to the current whole food. though several of those constituents stay to be totally known and characterised, broad categories embrace the carotenoids, chemical reaction tannins, lignans, naphthoquinones, synthetic resin acids, phytosterols, polyphenols, and tocopherols. These phytochemicals are shown to possess a spread of bioactivity, together with inhibitor, antiproliferative, anti-inflammatory drug, antiviral, and hypocholesterolemic properties. This review summarizes this data of the antioxidant, phenolic, and antioxidant content of tree barmy and associated studies of their inhibitor actions in vitro and in human studies. Tree barmy are an expensive supply of tocopherols and total phenols and contain a large form of flavonoids and proanthocyanidins. [3]

Effect of explant source, perlite nanoparticles and TiO2/perlite nanocomposites on phytochemical composition of metabolites in callus cultures of Hypericum perforatum

It seems that the biologically-synthesized nanoparticles (NPs) have potential to perform as effective elicitors for the assembly of valuable secondary metabolites in plants. Besides, it’s been according that the toxicity of the biologically-synthesized NP isn’t the maximum amount as that of the chemically-synthesized NPs. Therefore, it’s necessary to check their benefits aspects. during this study, the physical synthesis of perlite NPs and biologically-synthesis of TiO2/perlite nanocomposites (NCs) were conducted. afterward, their effects and explant supply influence on the expansion characteristics and secondary matter profiles of klammath weed callus cultures were evaluated. [4]

Nutritional and Phytochemical Composition of Vitellaria paradoxa (Shea Fruit Pulp)

The organic process and phytochemical compositions of the Shea fruits (Vitellaria paradoxa) were investigated exploitation commonplace strategies. The phytochemical screening disclosed the presence of tannins, alkaloids, saponins, steroids, flavonoids, anthraquinones and viscus glycosides. The proximate analysis disclosed that the share composition of the fruit was as follows:- wetness (75.4), ash (11.6), crude fat (10.6), crude supermolecule (4.4), crude fibre (9.1), sugar (17.8) and energy price (385.2 kcal/g). The mineral composition (%) of the dried Shea fruit pulp as evaluated during this study consisted of K (1.97), Na (0.47), Ca (5.50), Mg (1.75), P (1.24); Zn (1.81) and metal (3.01). The results obtained during this study additional ingeminate the rationale why there’s high consumption of Shea fruits by farmers in West and African country for each its organic process and medicative edges. [5]

Reference

[1] Talcott, S.T., Percival, S.S., Pittet-Moore, J. and Celoria, C., 2003. Phytochemical composition and antioxidant stability of fortified yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 51(4), (Web Link)

[2] Pacheco-Palencia, L.A., Duncan, C.E. and Talcott, S.T., 2009. Phytochemical composition and thermal stability of two commercial açai species, Euterpe oleracea and Euterpe precatoria. Food chemistry, 115(4), (Web Link)

[3] Bolling, B.W., McKay, D.L. and Blumberg, J.B., 2010. The phytochemical composition and antioxidant actions of tree nuts. Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition, 19(1), (Web Link)

[4] Effect of explant source, perlite nanoparticles and TiO2/perlite nanocomposites on phytochemical composition of metabolites in callus cultures of Hypericum perforatum
R. Ebadollahi, S. Jafarirad, M. Kosari-Nasab & S. Mahjouri
Scientific Reports volume 9, Article number: 12998 (2019) (Web Link)

[5] A. Akoma, O., Y. Nma, N., A. Musa, S. and B. Salihu, A. (2018) “Nutritional and Phytochemical Composition of Vitellaria paradoxa (Shea Fruit Pulp)”, International Journal of Biochemistry Research & Review, 22(1), (Web Link)

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *