Latest Research News on Vagina: Nov – 2019

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Latest Research News on Vagina: Nov – 2019

November 26, 2019 Gynaecology and Obstetrics 0

Bacteriology of the vagina.

Interest within the microflora of the duct and cervix has stemmed from the popularity of its vital association with epithelial duct and higher venereal tract infections. nevertheless a transparent understanding of the vary of microorganism sorts that area unit per a traditional venereal tract and also the factors that management the flora area unit elusive. completely different ways and study populations within the numerous studies of the epithelial duct flora usually have made divergent conclusions. Studies mistreatment improved medicine culture techniques, however, indicate that the antecedently command assumptions (i) that lactobacilli area unit the sole bacterium gift in healthy ladies, and (ii) that Gardnerella vaginalis is that the solely species related to microorganism vaginosis, were oversimplifications. though the aerobic and anaerobic species isolated area unit similar, qualitatively speaking, there area unit marked quantitative variations within the flora between these 2 teams of ladies. [1]

Method of securing prolapsed vagina in cattle

This is a technique of and means that for securing a prolapsed channel in cows. The means that used takes the shape of a completely unique staple that, by means that of a pliers-type instrument, will be inserted internally associate degreed thrust through affected muscle and tissue to accommodate securement to an incidental retention plate deposited outwardly to the animal. each the staple head and plate are enlarged relative to the prongs utilized in the look. the tactic contemplates the employment of such means that to secure the prolapsed channel to the inside, proximate muscle space specified a desired condition is also accomplished and preserved. [2]

Adenocarcinoma of the Vagina — Association of Maternal Stilbestrol Therapy with Tumor Appearance in Young Women

Adenocarcinoma of the duct in young ladies had been recorded seldom before the report of many cases treated at the Vincent Memorial Hospital between 1966 and 1969. the bizarre prevalence of this tumour in eight patients born in geographical region hospitals between 1946 and 1951 crystal rectifier US to conduct a retrospective investigation in search of things that may be related to tumour look. Four matched controls were established for every patient; information were obtained by personal interview. Results show maternal harm throughout the present physiological state and former physiological state loss were additional common within the study cluster. most importantly, seven of the eight mothers of patients with malignant neoplastic disease had been treated with stilboestrol started throughout the primary trimester. [3]

Sex steroid hormones differentially regulate nitric oxide synthase and arginase activities in the proximal and distal rabbit vagina

Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and arginase are shown to manage gas (NO) production reciprocally in reproductive organ tissues. In animal models, NO is a very important regulator of canal blood flow and vaginal wall ability. during this study, we tend to investigated the modulation of NOS and arginase activities by estrogens and androgens within the proximal and distal rabbit canal. In intact management animals, total NOS activity was higher within the proximal (528±78 pmol/mg protein) than the distal (391±44 pmol/mg protein) canal. However, arginase activity was higher within the distal (206±8 nmol/mg protein) than the proximal (64±5 nmol/mg protein) canal. ablation increased NOS activity within the proximal however not distal canal with concomitant decrease in arginase activity in each the proximal and distal vagina. [4]

The Prevalence of Symptomatic Vulvo-vaginal Candidiasis and Trichomonas vaginalis Infection and Associated Risk Factors among Women in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria

Aims: This study aims to see the prevalence of symptomatic vulvo-vaginal moniliasis and protozoal infection and risk factors among girls presenting at the patient departments of 2 tertiary health establishments within the Niger Delta region of Federal Republic of Nigeria.

Study Design:  A prospective cross-sectional study.

Place and length of Study: The study was disbursed at the Niger Delta University Teaching Hospital (NDUTH), Okolobiri and also the Federal Medical Centre (FMC), Yenagoa, each in Bayelsa State, Federal Republic of Nigeria between Gregorian calendar month 2012 and should 2013. [5]

Reference

[1] Hill, G.B., Eschenbach, D.A. and Holmes, K.K., 1984. Bacteriology of the vagina. Scandinavian journal of urology and nephrology. Supplementum, 86, (Web Link)

[2] Johnson, M., 1973. Method of securing prolapsed vagina in cattle. U.S. (Web Link)

[3] Herbst, A.L., Ulfelder, H. and Poskanzer, D.C., 1971. Adenocarcinoma of the vagina: association of maternal stilbestrol therapy with tumor appearance in young women. New England journal of medicine, 284(16), (Web Link)

[4] Sex steroid hormones differentially regulate nitric oxide synthase and arginase activities in the proximal and distal rabbit vagina
AM Traish, NN Kim, Y-H Huang, K Min, R Munarriz & I Goldstein
International Journal of Impotence Research volume 15, (Web Link)

[5] Pondei, K., Jeremiah, I., Lawani, E. and Nsikak, E. (2017) “The Prevalence of Symptomatic Vulvo-vaginal Candidiasis and Trichomonas vaginalis Infection and Associated Risk Factors among Women in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria”, International STD Research & Reviews, 5(2), (Web Link)

 

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