Maternal and Neonatal Risk Factors of Low Birth Weight in Guwahati Metro, Assam, Northeast India: A Cross Sectional Study
Introduction and Goals: The birth weight of a child is an important determinant of survival and development. Low birth weight is an indicator of our public health, maternal health, and nutrition status. The major challenge in the field of public health is identifying the factors that influence low birth weight and implementing corrective measures. The study attempted to assess the prevalence of low birth weight and its risk factors in 300 mothers and their respective live born babies at GMCH, Guwahati metro, Assam.
In 300 samples, the prevalence of low birth weight was found to be 26.0 percent (95 percent, CL=21.36-31.24). 50 percent of LBW was found in mothers aged 18 years. Low birth weight was associated with maternal age of 18 years (OR=3.06* 95 percent CL=1.24-3.52), mother’s height of 145 cm (OR=2.72* 95 percent CL=1.61-4.62), history of ANC visit 3 (OR=1.90* 95 percent Cl=1.03-3.52), multiple pregnancy (OR=5.95* 95 percent Cl=1.07-33.13), and gestational age of 37 weeks (OR=10.00*15 95 percent Cl=4.53-22.0 Female child (OR=1.02, 95 percent Cl=0.61-1.72) and preterm birth (OR=10.00, 95 percent Cl=4.53-22.09), weight gain during pregnancy 6 kg (OR=1.98 95 percent Cl=0.88-4.44), history of high risk behavior (tobacco use) (OR=8.84 95 percent Cl=0.94) (OR=1.44, 95%CI: 0.35-5.90), status of previous birth (OR=2.73, 95%CI: 0.81-9.14), were found to be
higher risk of LBW. Discussion and Conclusion: The prevalence of low birth weight was found to be very high and it was associated with many risk factors related to maternal health and services. Hence it is recommended to improve maternal health through strengthening the existing maternal services at the basic level of community.
Author (S) Details
Prof. Nirmali Gogoi
Assam Down Town University, Guwahati, Assam, India.
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