Pharmaceuticals in Water
Water covers around 71 percent of the earth’s surface. Water makes about 50 to 70% of the weight of all plants and animals, including humans. Water undergoes physical and chemical changes as a result of human activity and/or natural influences. According to predictions, the global need for prescription medications would approach 4500 billion doses by the end of 2020. Pharmaceuticals are eliminated from the human body in their parent form, as well as as metabolites and conjugate forms, after they have been consumed. Some commonly used medications or active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) have been found in various water resources and have been found to have an impact on aquatic life species’ quality. The impact of medicines discharged into aquatic streams in a defined range is unlikely to cause acute toxicity, and their presence has implications for human health, agriculture, and marine culture. Avoiding and/or reducing medicines’ access into the aquatic environment is the most effective way to reduce their presence in water bodies. This reduction could be achieved through a combination of preventive actions implemented by specialised regulatory agencies, such as increased public awareness of rational drug use and correct pharmaceutical disposal.
M. K. Mohan Maruga Raja
Parul Institute of Pharmacy & Research, Parul University, Vadodara, Gujarat, India.
M. K. Kathiravan
SRM College of Pharmacy, SRMIST, Kattankulathur – 603 203, Tamil Nadu, India.
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