Pharmacognostic Evaluation of Aegle marmelos (L.) Correa. Leaves
Aegle marmelos (L.) Correa, sometimes known as “Bael,” is an endangered medicinal tree native to India. The leaves have a wide range of therapeutic characteristics that are employed in traditional medicine. Pharmacognostic investigations can be used to verify the authenticity of a medicinal plant sample. Aegle marmelos leaves had a stomatal index of 70.83 percent with paracytic stomata, according to pharmacognostic analysis. Secondary growth in the vascular bundle was visible in a transverse section of mature leaves. Patches of sclerenchymatous fibres were used to symbolise the pericycle. Underneath the epidermis, large resin channels could be seen. Phenols, terpenoids, flavonoids, gums, resins, steroids, saponins, and glycosides were found in the aqueous extract after phytochemical investigation. When treated with sodium hydroxide, the fluorescence analysis revealed flourescent green emission, indicating the presence of flavonoid. Trichomes were not found in the powder, although resin globules and fibres were visible.
Author (s) Details
Department of Plant Biology and Plant Biotechnology, Ethiraj College for Women, Ethiraj Salai, Egmore-600008, Chennai, India.
Dr. R. Anitha
Bharathi Women’s College, Broadway-600108, Chennai, India.
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