Poisoning; A Grave Public Health Concern
Over half a million people die each year as a result of intentional and unintentional poisoning, with low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) accounting for 84 percent of such fatalities. The clinical appearance of such instances differs depending on the age group, the cause of poisoning, the geographic region, the drugs involved, and the country’s economic progress. The goal of this study was to determine the number of poisoning incidents in Sindh’s central area. Between July and December 2019, the study was conducted in a tertiary care hospital (TCH) in Shaheed Benazirabad, Sindh, Pakistan. The poisoned patients admitted to the TCH were the test subjects. The study instrument was created using data from surveys conducted by the American Association of Poison Control Centers. A total of 263 poisoning cases were presented during the study period. The study’s findings revealed that cases of poisoning are more common among single (56.3 percent) males (58.9%) in the age bracket of 16-30 years (48.7%), with illiterate (55.1 percent) and jobless (54 percent) backgrounds. Suicide (intended poisoning) was the most prevalent cause of poisoning (36.5%), while pesticides (42.6%) were the most commonly poisoned substances. During the study period, 17.5 percent of such cases were admitted to Intensive Care Units, and 5.3 percent of such people died as a result of their condition. It was discovered in this study that enhancing regulatory controls for hazardous chemicals, establishing poison control centres, reducing reporting time, and minimising exposure to such compounds will all help to control such incidents.
Author (s) Details
Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sindh, Pakistan.
Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peoples University of Medical and Health Sciences for Women, Nawabshah, Shaheed Benazirabad, Pakistan.
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