Principles of Designing Speaking Strategies in a Second Language Classroom
Language has its own set of rules for speaking and writing in a proper way. Speaking in a person’s native language well and accurate is a challenging task, but acquiring the speaking skill in a second language requires more effort, commitment and practice. Speaking a second language is an important skill for every modern student. Classroom is a learning place or environment where the learning process takes place. Classroom teaching refers to the wide variety of skills and techniques that the teacher used to keep the students into organized, orderly, focused and attentive person on task and develop the speaking ability to them. A teacher is one who interacts with students and the role model of them. Teacher is a person who supports the students when they need help. The teacher acts the roles of a resource person, an instructor, mentor, helping hand to the students and finally a learner forever. The learners clearly feel that classroom based speaking practice prepared them for the real world and the teacher is the guide to achieve that goal. Spoken language is both interactional and transactional. When teaching the spoken language is based on the performances in a classroom, the main focus on teaching longer transactional turns into interactional outcome. Making the learners to be the master of spoken language, the teacher follows certain principles and strategies. The basic truth or proposition that serves as the foundation for a system of belief or behavior is known as principle. The act or process of taking an action or work in a successful way is known as performance. This paper mainly deals with the basic principles for designing the classroom speaking techniques and the types of classroom speaking performances of the students by their teachers.
Noorul Islam Centre for Higher Education, Kumaracoil, Thuckalay 629 180, Tamil Nadu, India.
Dr. M. Ilankumaran
Department of English, Noorul Islam Centre for Higher Education, Kumaracoil, Thuckalay 629 180, Tamil Nadu, India.
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