Studies of Mistletoe Presence on Five Tree Species of Samaru Area, Nigeria

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Studies of Mistletoe Presence on Five Tree Species of Samaru Area, Nigeria

July 1, 2021 Soil Science 0

Mistletoe infestations on trees require immediate attention because they reduce the vigor of tree growth and reproduction. There are few or no records on the type of mistletoe species found parasitic on tree species in Samaru. The study aimed to determine the different species of mistletoe parasitic on Albizzia lebbeck, Citrus grandis, Khaya senegalensis, Terminalia mantaly, and Terminalia catappa within Samaru, Nigeria, in order to document and know the species richness of mistletoe within this region. Based on the presence of the studied species and mistletoe infection of the trees, the study site was divided into four sampling areas. The study found that A. lebbeck was infected by six different species of mistletoe from all sampling areas: Tapinanthus dodoneifolius, Tapinanthus globiferus, Globimetula braunii, Globimetula oreophila, Englerina lecardii, and Tapinanthus belvisii; C. grandis, T. catappa, and T. mantaly each had four different species found parasit A. lebbeck had the most mistletoe species found parasitic on it, while K. senegalensis had the fewest. The most common were G. braunii and T. globiferus. In the study area, common mistletoe species were found parasitic on all of the targeted host trees, whereas T. dodoneifolius was found parasitic only on A. lebbeck and T. catappa, and E. lecardii was found parasitic only on A. lebbeck and C. grandis. In conclusion, A. lebbeck was the most vulnerable to mistletoe attack in the study area, while G. braunii and T. globiferus were less host specific.

Author (S) Details

Tizhe Tari Dlama
Department of Botany, Adamawa State University, Mubi, Nigeria.

Prof. Alonge Samson Oluwagbemileke
Department of Botany, Adamawa State University, Mubi, Nigeria.

Aliyu Ramatu Enehezeyi
Department of Botany, Adamawa State University, Mubi, Nigeria.

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