Studies on Some Issues Specific to Demography during COVID-19 Pandemic
The COVID-19 (coronavirus disease) pandemic, which is caused by the RNA virus SARS-CoV-2, has resulted in the world’s worst health disaster in recent history. The epidemic is not only putting a strain on the healthcare system, but it is also producing significant changes in the population’s demographic structure and a loss of human capital. The goal of this paper is to look at the demographic aspects of the COVID-19 pandemic and the massive potential consequences it could have on demography and human capital formation in the coming years. Pandemics such as COVID-19 represent a substantial threat to the development and preservation of human capital, causing drastic changes in population structures and disrupting the demographic transition of populations in many countries around the world. The pandemic’s observed demographic changes, as well as changes in population age structure (where certain cohorts are more severely affected), have potentially increased the dependent population whose overall development is hampered by restrictions imposed on their freedom and lifestyle, which can result in a significant and stringent loss of their ability to productively work. People in the skilled working age groups are also dying prematurely as a result of recent mutations discovered in 2021. The resulting interruption of the human capital formation process could have serious multi-dimensional and intergenerational consequences. COVID-19’s effects on demography and human capital formation, as well as the development of healthcare facilities, can be long-lasting, therefore careful planning in these areas is essential.
Author (S) Details
Post Graduate Department of Economics, St. Xavier’s College (Autonomous), Kolkata, 30 Mother Teresa Sarani, Kolkata 700016, West Bengal, India.
Post Graduate Department of Biotechnology, St. Xavier’s College (Autonomous), Kolkata, 30 Mother Teresa Sarani, Kolkata 700016, West Bengal, India.
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