Study on Biosocial and Awareness Profiles of Adolescent Clients and Utilisation Patterns of the Services at an ARSH Clinic in Bihar, India

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Study on Biosocial and Awareness Profiles of Adolescent Clients and Utilisation Patterns of the Services at an ARSH Clinic in Bihar, India

September 10, 2021 Medicine and Medical Research 0

Background: Adolescents account for around 21% of India’s population. In response to the special needs of teens, the Government of India (GOI) launched the adolescent reproductive and sexual health (ARSH) project in 2006. At Patna Medical College in 2012, the first “Yuva clinic” in Bihar was established to deliver services in accordance with ARSH protocols. The goal of this study was to look at adolescent clients’ biosocial and awareness profiles in connection to the ARSH strategy and their use of clinic services.

A cross-sectional study was conducted using a semi-structured questionnaire.

A total of 1180 teenagers were surveyed (950 males and 230 females). Sixty-six percent of males and 74.8 percent of females lived in cities, while more than 90 percent of the population was unmarried. The vast majority of those who attended were from the upper middle class. Females did not consume alcohol or cigarettes, whereas males did (66.6 percent and 86.7 percent, respectively). More over 90% of those in attendance stated they exercised on a regular basis, with 36.8% of men and 58 percent of women having BMIs that were abnormal. Seventy-six percent were educated about nutrition, 24.06 percent about reproductive and sexual health (RSH), and 64.74 percent knew about ARSH services. The location and socioeconomic status of adolescents had a substantial impact on their awareness of nutrition, RSH, and available resources. Females were far more knowledgeable about RSH than guys. Sixty-seven percent received counselling, 1.35 percent was referred, and 50.6 percent received professional treatment, with 69.8% of needs unmet.

Conclusions: The ARSH clinic is clearly a successful project, as evidenced by the promising numbers and diverse client profile of those who visit the Yuva clinic. When it comes to ARSH approaches, however, there are service gaps. If these problems are solved, the clinic will be able to attract more teenagers and achieve its aims of enhancing their health and capacity to deal with their varied obstacles.

Author (S) Details

Nivedita Sinha
Department of Community Medicine, Patna Medical College and Hospital, Ashok Raj Path, Patna, India.

Amar Kumar
Department of Community Medicine, ANM Medical College and Hospital, Gaya, Bihar, India.

Rashmi Singh
Department of Community Medicine, Patna Medical College and Hospital, Ashok Raj Path, Patna, India.

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