Study on Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology and Histopathology in the Diagnosis of Breast Lump: A Comparative Approach

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Study on Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology and Histopathology in the Diagnosis of Breast Lump: A Comparative Approach

August 23, 2021 Medicine and Medical 0

1.To compare the results of fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and histopathological study of biopsy in detecting breast cancer in suspicious breast lumps in an outpatient setting; 2.To investigate the accuracy of FNAC in diagnosing various breast lumps; 3.To determine whether cancer patients can be managed solely based on FNAC diagnosis without histological study.

Methodology: This was a hospital-based retrospective study that used data from the Department of Pathology at Mysore Medical College in Mysore during August and September 2016.

The study lasted two months, and the sample size was 50 patients.

Results: FNAC had a sensitivity of 50%, a specificity of 100%, a positive predictive value of 100%, and a negative predictive value of 88.37 percent in this study. FNAC is very specific in this scenario, with a strong positive predictive value.

Conclusion: Benign breast neoplasms are more common than malignant breast neoplasms. The current investigation found a high specificity and maximum positive predictive value for FNAC correlation with histology. When compared to biopsy, FNAC has a lower sensitivity. However, in an outpatient context, FNAC can be utilised as a suggestive diagnostic (one stop) for breast cancer evaluation. The accuracy of the FNAC allows you to decide whether or not to proceed with surgery. In the vast majority of situations, it bridges the gap between clinical evaluation and ultimate surgical pathological diagnosis. It allows the doctor to make a diagnosis in a high percentage of cases with little time and money spent, and to avoid unneeded surgery in many circumstances.

Author (S) Details

K. B. Chetan
Department of Pathology, Mysore Medical College and Research Institute, Karnataka, India.

N. Sreenivas
Department of Pathology, Mysore Medical College and Research Institute, Karnataka, India.

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/NFMMR-V6/article/view/2763

 

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