A Study about Cystoscope: A Viable Alternative Tool for Choledochoscopy

To avoid difficulties caused by retained/recurrent stones, complete bile duct stone clearance is required following bile duct exploration. While there is no one optimum procedure, the combination of bile duct exploration and choledochoscopy has been linked to the lowest incidence of retained stones in the literature. If a choledochoscope is not accessible, a cystoscope can…
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January 8, 2022 0