Study of the Habitats, Burrowing Behavior, Physiological Adaptation and Life Cycle of Spadefoot Toad (Pelobates syriacus, Boettger, 1869) at the Southern Limit of Its Distribution in Israel

Based on observations and data collected over more than 30 years in northern Israel, this study describes the habitats, life cycle, larval growth, burrowing behavior, and terrestrial adaptation of spadefoot toads (Pelobates syriacus) in Israel. In Israel, the distribution area extends from the north in the Upper Galilee and Golan Heights (annual rainfall range of…
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June 19, 2021 0