Ten Years after the Great Earthquake Hit
The unexperienced big earthquake with M 9.1 at 14: 46 on March 11th, 2011 shook Fukushima, Miyagi, Iwate Prefecture, and the surrounding area violently. Twenty minutes later, a Tsunami of 20-34 metres in height struck and enveloped the Pacific Coasts, killing over 25,000 people. 1) Infections such as Norovirus, Legionella pneumophila, Clostridium tetani, and Rickettsia spp. spread among the evacuated in overcrowded gymnasiums. 2) High amounts of arsenic pollution were found at two locations in the north-east Tohoku regions, accounting for 8% (36/129) of the total. 3) The nuclear power plant explosion at Fukushima, which spilled hazardous materials, was the most serious disaster caused by the Tsunami. Residents within a 20-kilometer radius of the power plant explosion were forced to flee to safer locations. The contaminated pollutants were inhaled, swallowed, and drunk by those living near the exploded power plant. Although some cattle were transported to safer areas, unmovable livestock and pets died of starvation. The treatment of explouded nuclear reactors and radioactive debris, as well as tritium water contamination, is the most pressing post-tsunami issue.
Author (S) Details
Aomori University of Health & Welfare, 8-1 Mase-Hamadate, Aomori 030-8505, Japan.
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asbestos/arsenic pollution food contamination of radioactive materials Great East Japan earthquake infection north American plate nuclear power plant explosion pacific plate radioactive materials treatment rebuild of damaged towns tsunami hitting