The Bird Assemblage of the Cubanacan Protected Area and Its Ecological Relationships: Villa Clara, Cuba
In the months of June and July, an ecological study of bird assembling was conducted in the Cubanacán Protected Area in the province of Villa Clara, Cuba. The ornithological research was carried out in a serpentine soil environment with xeromorphic shrub plant morphology. The area was sampled using the linear transepts method, with two samples totaling 250 m long and 15 m wide on each sides of the observer. In the months of June and July, four counts were conducted using the visual and auditory methods, with the use of a binocular. The collected data was quantified, and various ecological indices were used. There are 22 bird species in the study region, divided into 12 families and 8 orders, with the Passeriformes having the most species (5 families and 10 species). Two genera (25 percent), five species (53.8 percent), and ten subspecies (14.0 percent) of the total number of birds documented are endemic. In the months of June and July, seven trophic guilds are identified in the plant formation. In June, there were 59.25 individuals per hectare, but only 53.93 in July. The similarity index between the two months was 70%, which was extremely close to the results observed for other months in this plant formation. June and July had 2.22 and 2.52 diversity, respectively, whereas both months had a richness of 13.0. Equity fluctuated just slightly between June and July, 0.79 in June and 0.88 in July, indicating that the number of people is reasonably evenly distributed.
Author (S) Details
Rafael Armiñana García
Central University “Marta Abreu” of Las Villas, Villa Clara, Cuba.
Rigoberto Fimia Duarte
Central University “Marta Abreu” of Las Villas, Villa Clara, Cuba and Faculty of Health and Nursing Technology, University of Medical Sciences of Villa Clara, Cuba.
María Patricia Zambrano Gavilanes
Veterinary Medicine of Career, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Zootechnics, University of Manabí, Manabí, Ecuador.
Freddy Eli Zambrano Gavilanes
Faculty of Agronomic Engineering, Technical University of Manabí, Manabí, Ecuador.
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