The World in an Equation: A Reappraisal of the Lemaître’s Primeval Cosmic Rays
On the basis of radioactive phenomena (weak force), Georges Lemaitre conceives the primordial universe as a ‘special super-dense quantum’ as early as 1927, the disintegration of which gave birth to all the present components of the universe[1,2]. Using quantum mechanics, from the point of view of quantum theory, he proposes to explain the origins of the universe. He thinks that he will find the manifestation of the initial fragmentation in the cosmic rays. However, the theory of the primaeval atom (cold big bang) had no equation to endorse it and was not maintained, irrespective of the adopted cosmology. He fell back on the Friedmann-Einstein equation, like all other cosmologists, with a repulsive cosmological constant that propels expansion into infinity, according to supernova observations at the end of the millennium. We are juxtaposing our “quantum cosmology” equation to this relativistic cosmology equation. In an earlier paper, we have already proposed this equation, which has its origins in quantum mechanics and matches the hypothesis of the “primaeval atom” by Lemaitre. It is an equation in which the notion of matter-space-time is related mathematically; space-time is also bound by gravitation and electromagnetism. It describes a process that demonstrates how speed, time , distance, matter and energy are associated. We are guided to ascertain that two distinct manifestations of a single underlying phenomenon are gravity and electricity: electrogravitation. For the first time, cosmological time is incorporated into a “cosmological equation,” known as a real physical entity, which makes what we know about time (its origin, its flow …), matter, and space coherent. In addition, a continuously decelerated expansion is suggested by the equation. The concentration of the material medium and the value of the vacuum’s decreasing energy lead to the gradual increase of the positive pressure that is responsible for the expansion ‘s rising deceleration. Does this mean that our equation leads us eventually to the entire cosmos’ theory of the primaeval atom? Certainly not, as both the hot Gamow model and the cold Lemaître model are included in our model. For our model, the term “dynamic evolution” (used initially by specialists for big bang models) is fitting since there is both an explosive origin and a disintegration of a hyper-dense matter in the expansion. The observation of radiation from the cosmic microwave background has confirmed the hot big bang model achieved by Gamow and his team. The projected light prevailed over Lemaitre ‘s proposed primitive cosmic rays (particles). However, we assume that Lemaitre was also correct. In addition to not satisfying the basic standards of science, the so-called big-bang hypothesis (singular cataclysmic explosion) is refuted by many results that are ignored. The work of Armenian astronomers, for instance, has persuaded us that the origin of cosmic particles derives not only from the eruption of supernovae, but also from the separation of radio galaxies, not only from the death of the universe, but also from the birth of them.
Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville, Quebec, Canada.
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