Use of Plant Hormones on Postharvest Physiology of Bird of Paradise

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Use of Plant Hormones on Postharvest Physiology of Bird of Paradise

May 2, 2020 Agricultural Sciences 0

Bird of Paradise (Strelitzia reginae Banks) has great market potential due to its intrinsic beauty and longer vase life. However, storage and transportation conditions are not always adequate and may lead to negative consequences on postharvest physiology and the quality of these flowers. Thus, this study determined the effect of pulsing treatment containing methyl jasmonate (MeJA) or salicylic acid (SA) in association with sucrose on the postharvest physiology of Bird of Paradise. Two           independent experiments were carried out. In the first one, floral stems were treated with 100, 250 and 400 μmol L-1 of MeJA plus 200 g L-1 of sucrose for 24 h. In the second experiment, the treatments consisted of 2, 4 and 6 mmol L-1 of SA in association with 200 g L-1 sucrose for 24 h. After the pulsing treatment, the floral stems of both experiments were kept in containers with water at room temperature. The analyses were performed on days 0 and 7 and the assessment comprised: Water uptake rate, transpiration rate, fresh mass loss, electrolyte leakage, peroxidase activity (POD) and phenolic compounds of the bracts and sepals. MeJA and SA reduced the water uptake rate by the stems. SA reduced transpiration rate, loss of fresh mass and phenolic compounds of sepals on day 0. On day 7, MeJA treatment reduced electrolyte leakage and increased POD activity. Otherwise, SA had no effect on electrolyte leakage and reduced POD activity. These results suggest that MeJA and AS act antagonistically on the electrolyte leakage and POD activity which might promote different effects on the postharvest physiology of Bird of Paradise stems, such as adverse patterns of the transpiration rate.

Author (s) Details

Ariana Mota Pereira
Departamento de Fitotecnia, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Av. PH Rolfs s/n, Campus Universitário, CEP 36570-900 Viçosa/MG, Brasil

Mateus de Paula Gomes
Departamento de Fitotecnia, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Av. PH Rolfs s/n, Campus Universitário, CEP 36570-900 Viçosa/MG, Brasil

Maria Eduarda da Silva Guimarães
Departamento de Fitotecnia, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Av. PH Rolfs s/n, Campus Universitário, CEP 36570-900 Viçosa/MG, Brasil.

Dreice Nascimento Gonçalves
Departamento de Fitotecnia, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Av. PH Rolfs s/n, Campus Universitário, CEP 36570-900 Viçosa/MG, Brasil.

Fernando Luiz Finger
Departamento de Fitotecnia, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Av. PH Rolfs s/n, Campus Universitário, CEP 36570-900 Viçosa/MG, Brasil

View Book: – http://bp.bookpi.org/index.php/bpi/catalog/book/168

 

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